The Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes (TLC) Diet was devised by the U.S. government's National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) to give guidance to people who have blood cholesterol problems. The TLC Diet doesn't have a recommendation for how many calories people with cholesterol problems should eat daily because calories don't affect cholesterol levels directly.
TLC Diet GuideLines
TLC Diet Guidelines -- you should eat:
Less than 7% of the day's total calories from saturated fat.
25-35 percent of the day’s total calories from fat.
Less than 200 milligrams of dietary cholesterol a day.
Limit sodium intake to 2400 milligrams a day.
Just enough calories to achieve or maintain a healthy weight and reduce your blood cholesterol level. (Ask your doctor or registered dietitian what is a reasonable calorie level for you.)
How does the TLC Diet work?
Start by choosing your target calorie level. If your only concern is lowering LDL, the goal is 2,500 per day for men and 1,800 for women. Need to shed pounds, too? Shoot for 1,600 (men) or 1,200 (women). Then cut saturated fat to less than 7 percent of daily calories, which means eating less high-fat dairy, such as butter, and ditching fatty meats like salami. And consume no more than 200 milligrams of dietary cholesterol a day—the amount in about 2 ounces of cheese. If after six weeks your LDL cholesterol hasn’t dropped by about 8 to 10 percent, add in 2 grams of plant stanols or sterols and 10 to 25 grams of soluble fiber each day. (Soluble fiber and plant stanols and sterols help block the absorption of cholesterol from the digestive tract, which helps lower LDL. Stanols and sterols are found in vegetable oils and certain types of margarine, and are available as supplements, too.) On TLC, you’ll be eating lots of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, low-fat or nonfat dairy products, fish, and skin-off poultry. Exactly how you meet these guidelines is up to you, though sample meal plans are available.
Beta carotene foods and benefits (provitamin A) Vitamin A comes in several forms, such as preformed retinoids found in animal products that are ready for use by the body and carotenoids found in plants. Carotenoids are called provitamin A because they must first be converted to the retinoid form if they are to be used for vitamin A functions. More than 600 carotenoids are found in nature; 50 of them have potential vitamin A activity. The most potent form is beta-carotene. The retinoids and carotenoids combine to form what is generally referred to as vitamin A.
Headaches types, causes and treatment Almost all of us have experiences the agony of the least one major headache in our lives, whether it be of the mild, throbbing variety or the severe, pounding ache that makes us nauseated or dizzy. Not all headaches are equal; more important, it’s possible that not all headaches have the same cause, although some headache experts suggest that all serious headaches share the same basic causes but fall along a spectrum, with ordinary tension headaches at one end and full-blown migraines at the other. Headaches may result from dilated blood vessels within the brain, underlying organic problems, or excessive stress and anxiety. The following are the most common forms of headaches and the most effective methods of treatment.
Holoprosencephaly prognosis and pictures What is Holoprosencephaly definition? Holoprosencephaly (HPE, once known as arhinencephaly) is a cephalic disorder in which the prosencephalon (the forebrain of the embryo) fails to develop into two hemispheres. Normally, the forebrain is formed and the face begins to develop in the fifth and sixth weeks of human pregnancy. Hox genes, which guide placement of embryonic structures, fail to activate along the midline of the head, allowing structures that are normally paired on the left and right to merge. The condition also occurs in other species, as with Cy, the Cyclops kitten.
The condition can be mild or severe. According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), "in most cases of holoprosencephaly, the malformations are so severe that babies die before birth.
How is an endometrial biopsy done An endometrial biopsy is often done in the doctor’s office, usually without anesthesia. Although the procedure is quickly accomplished, it is painful.
If a physical does not have nitrous oxide available in his or her office, the patient can be given strong pain pills to use before coming to the office. A paracervical block can be also be used.
Talking with Your Doctor about Cancer Diagnosis Anytime there is suspicion of cancer, the person involved is likely to react with great anxiety, fear, and anger. Emotional distress is sometimes so intense that the person involved is unable to severe as his or he own best advocate in making critical health-care decisions. If you find it difficult to know what to ask your doctor on a routine exam, imagine how hard it would be to discuss life or death options for yourself or loved one. Having a list of important questions to ask when you appear at the doctor’s office may help tremendously. Remember, your health-care provider should be your partner in making the best decisions for you. By actively challenging, questioning, and letting the physician know your wishes, difficult decisions may become easier.
Genetics Influences on Mental Illness DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a highly variable molecule that consists of two strands that wrap around each other so that they resemble a pair of entwined ladders. The ladder sides are made up sugars, where as the rungs connecting the two sides consists of matched pairs of “bases”. Bases, in turn, are either purines or pyrimidines, relatively simple organic molecules that contain nitrogen rings. The DNA carries a “genetic” in its sequence of bases. The base adenine pairs only with thymine and cytosine pairs only with guanine. From this very simple set of rules, the entire genome is generated.
What is Heat Stroke Are you looking for What is Heat Stroke? Here is some definition about What is Heat Stroke. Heat-related illnesses, such as heat exhaustion and heatstroke, occur when your body can't keep itself cool. As the air temperature rises, your body stays cool when your sweat evaporates. On hot, humid days, the evaporation of sweat is slowed by the increased moisture in the air. When sweating isn't enough to cool your body, your body temperature rises, and you may become ill.
Symptoms of Salmonella infection Salmonella infection is a common bacterial disease that affects the intestinal tract. Salmonella bacteria typically live in animal and human intestines and are shed through feces. Humans become infected most frequently through contaminated water or food sources. So what are symptoms of Salmonella infection?
Colon Rectum Cancer Symptoms and Therapy Cancer of the colon (large intestine) and rectum is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States. Each year it claims an estimated 48,000 lives, and produces about 107,000 new cases—more than any other kind of cancer except skin cancer. It afflicts men and women about equally. The five-year survival rate from this form of cancer, usually after surgery, is about 90 percent where the cancer was localized about 65 percent where there was regional involvement. The death rate from colon and rectum cancer has decreased significantly over the past 20 years due to, among other factors, improved treatments and earlier diagnosis.
The Pink Diet Patch and Pill First there were patches to help you quit smoking, then birth control, and now there is a patch for losing weight. Created for women trying to lose those last five pounds, the Pink Patch is a substance-infused sticker that you slap on once a day to curb your appetite. The ingredients, which seep into the skin, are intended to control your appetite for 24 hours while revving up your metabolism, curbing your appetite, boosting your energy and elevating your mood. Pink Patch is the newest product from Curb Your Cravings, responsible for the Hoodia patch.
Menopause Definition, Age and Treatment Guidelines Elizabeth K. Stanford, MD
We all know what happens at a certain age to women. It is genetically determined that they stop making estrogen in their ovaries. That’s why fat people are overweight. Ladies are less likely to get hot flushes and less likely to get hip fractures, and more likely to get endometrial cancer. The follicles stop developing in the gonad at a certain age that is genetically predetermined. And actually before that phase happens, to end ovulation and menstrual cycle regularity and sometimes some psychologic symptoms. Of course the hot flush which occurs in about ¾ of women and it occurs without an aura. It just happens and frequently wakens them from sleep and is very disturbing. So these are the early symptoms of estrogen deficiency. A few years later the target tissues start to atrophy; the vagina and the urethra and the bladder, which are urologically grafted to the urogenital sinus. And since estrogen stimulates collagen synthesis, there is atrophy in the dermis of the skin. You’ve all noticed those vertical lines in the upper lip of women. That’s a sign of not making enough collagen or dermis.
When estrogen deficiency begins, there is an increased rate of bone resorption, which in about half of white women leads to osteoporosis and if they live long enough then they may develop fractures from this. These fractures start appearing about age 60. There is also an acceleration of cardiovascular disease in women not taking estrogen, and estrogen will retard the acceleration of atherosclerosis. Of course these are the serious problems that are asymptomatic. The osteoporosis and the atherosclerosis. So we don’t mention them until the event occurs. You all measure blood pressure and treat hypertension and you make a cholesterol to treat cardiovascular disease, and now there is a move afoot to measure bone mineral density in all white women and Asian women. And now found that even about 30% of blacks have osteoporosis, so this is being reimbursed by Medicare and this is something that you will be doing in the next few years.
Causes of Asthma and Diet for Treatment Asthma is a disease that affects the bronchial tubes leading to our
lungs, resulting in periods of wheezing and shortness of breath. Not only has
the number of asthma sufferers escalated worldwide, but recent research has
indicated that more than 10% of South Africans are affected and that it is
definitely the most common of the chronic childhood illnesses. Pollution from
traffic fumes is without doubt a contributing factor, as during school holidays
incidences of attacks are reduced as there is less traffic.
Other atmospheric pollutants such as pollen, cigarette smoke and car exhaust
fumes can all be triggers. The incidence of occupational asthma is also high in
this country, caused by contact with airborne particles e.g. flour, soap powder
and paint. Even stressful situations and chronic exhaustion can trigger an
attack as can eating foods to which you have a sensitivity (such as sulphur
dioxide, used as a preservative in many dried fruit). You can also suffer
exercise-induced asthma. People who take paracetamol every day are twice as
likely to suffer asthma, and if you take it twice weekly you are 80% more likely
to be affected.