The Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes (TLC) Diet was devised by the U.S. government's National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) to give guidance to people who have blood cholesterol problems. The TLC Diet doesn't have a recommendation for how many calories people with cholesterol problems should eat daily because calories don't affect cholesterol levels directly.
TLC Diet GuideLines
TLC Diet Guidelines -- you should eat:
Less than 7% of the day's total calories from saturated fat.
25-35 percent of the day’s total calories from fat.
Less than 200 milligrams of dietary cholesterol a day.
Limit sodium intake to 2400 milligrams a day.
Just enough calories to achieve or maintain a healthy weight and reduce your blood cholesterol level. (Ask your doctor or registered dietitian what is a reasonable calorie level for you.)
How does the TLC Diet work?
Start by choosing your target calorie level. If your only concern is lowering LDL, the goal is 2,500 per day for men and 1,800 for women. Need to shed pounds, too? Shoot for 1,600 (men) or 1,200 (women). Then cut saturated fat to less than 7 percent of daily calories, which means eating less high-fat dairy, such as butter, and ditching fatty meats like salami. And consume no more than 200 milligrams of dietary cholesterol a day—the amount in about 2 ounces of cheese. If after six weeks your LDL cholesterol hasn’t dropped by about 8 to 10 percent, add in 2 grams of plant stanols or sterols and 10 to 25 grams of soluble fiber each day. (Soluble fiber and plant stanols and sterols help block the absorption of cholesterol from the digestive tract, which helps lower LDL. Stanols and sterols are found in vegetable oils and certain types of margarine, and are available as supplements, too.) On TLC, you’ll be eating lots of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, low-fat or nonfat dairy products, fish, and skin-off poultry. Exactly how you meet these guidelines is up to you, though sample meal plans are available.
Physical Allergy Some persons, when exposed to changes in temperature such as cold or heat or when exposed to sudden effort or sunlight, may develop manifestation, such as asthma, hay fever, or hives. In these instances the cold or heat acts as an antigen, much the same as milk or pollen may produce allergy. The demonstration of the presence of such sensitivity requires special tests. In the case of a patient sensitive to cold one tests the patient by attaching a small tube containing ice water to the skin of the arm. The tube is held in place with adhesive. Sensitivity to cold is determined by the appearance of large welt or hive at the point of contact. A similar of allergy are also included those patients who when exposed to a draft or a cod breeze develop nasal symptoms followed by severe so-called sinus headaches.
The Pink Diet Patch and Pill First there were patches to help you quit smoking, then birth control, and now there is a patch for losing weight. Created for women trying to lose those last five pounds, the Pink Patch is a substance-infused sticker that you slap on once a day to curb your appetite. The ingredients, which seep into the skin, are intended to control your appetite for 24 hours while revving up your metabolism, curbing your appetite, boosting your energy and elevating your mood. Pink Patch is the newest product from Curb Your Cravings, responsible for the Hoodia patch.
Mesenteric Ischemia Mesenteric ischemia is classified as acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI) chronic mesenteric ischemia (CMI). AMI is subdivided into occlusive and nonocclusive mesenteric ischemia. Occlusive mesenteric ischemia results from either thrombotic or embolic arterial or venous occlusion. Approximately 80% of cases of AMI are occlusive in etiology, with arterial emboli or thromboses in 65% of cases and venous thrombosis in 15%. Arterial occlusions result from emboli in 75% of patients and in situ thrombosis cause the remaining 25%. NOMI is caused by low perfusion states and is responsible for 20% of AMI.
Uterus Didelphys Pregnancy and Symptoms Uterus didelphys (sometimes also uterus didelphis) represents a uterine malformation where the uterus is present as a paired organ as the embryogenetic fusion of the mullerian ducts failed to occur. As a result there is a double uterus with two separate cervices, and often a double vagina as well. Each uterus has a single horn linked to the ipsilateral fallopian tube that faces its ovary.
In a female fetus, the uterus starts out as two small tubes. As the fetus develops, the tubes normally join to create one larger, hollow organ — the uterus. Sometimes, however, the tubes don't join completely. Instead, each one develops into a separate structure. This condition is called double uterus (uterus didelphys).
Heat Stroke Prevention Tips Each summer we hear about athletes suffering serious heat illness, particularly heat stroke, during recreational running events, marathons and fun runs. In order to prevent becoming a statistic, it's helpful to learn about the most common types of heat illness and take precautions if you exercise in hot weather. Here is some tips for heat stroke prevention.
Guidelines For Exercise In the Heat Guidelines for exercising in heat and humidity have been developed for road races, but these can be applied to any strenuous physical activity performed outdoors during warm weather. Ambient conditions are considered safe when the temperature is below 70º F and the humidity is below 60%. People who are sensitive to heat and humidity should reconsider exercising when the temperature is greater than 80ºF or the humidity is more than 60%. People who are in these conditions, but they should be aware of the potential hazards and take precautions to prevent heat illness.
The keys to exercising without incident in hot weather are to acclimate to the heat and maintain the body's normal fluid level. The major consequence of dehydration (excessive fluid loss) is a reduction in blood volume. This results in sluggish circulation that decrease the delivery of oxygen to the exercising muscles. Second, lowered blood volume results in less blood that can be sent to the skin to remove the heat generated by exercise. If too much of the blood temperature will rise, leading to to heat-stress illness. Hat illness is a serious problem that can be avoided by following a few guidelines deigned to preserve the body's fluid level.
Basic facts on fats Fat, also called lipid, is a compound made by chemically bonding fatty acids to glycerol to form glycerides. When three fatty acids are hooked to glycerol, the fat compound is a triglyceride. Almost 95% of fat stored in the body is triglyceride, with the remaining 5% consisting of other glycerides and cholesterol. Scientific literature usually refers to triglycerides when it discusses fat. The fatty acids that make up triglycerides can be saturated, monounsaturated, or polyunsaturated.
Chemically, fats are chains of carbon atoms strung together with hydrogen atoms. If it is a saturated fat, the carbon chain carries all the hydrogen atoms it can . If it is unsaturated, there is room in the carbon chain for more hydrogen. If the chain is monounsaturated, there os room for two hydrogen atoms. If it is polyunsaturated, there is room for four hydrogen atoms. If it is highly polyunsaturated, there is room for many more hydrogen atoms.
Best Weight Loss Program Are you looking for Best Weight Loss Program? All diets must do one of two things -- reduce calorie intake and/or increase calorie expenditure through movement. Even though it confounds many of us, experts say weight loss really does come down to a simple formula of calories in versus calories out. Most popular diet plans work by dramatically decreasing calorie intake, and some increase weight loss even further by prescribing a set amount of daily physical activity.
Treatment of heart failure due to systolic dysfunction A. Treatment of the underlying cardiac disease
Hypertension is the primary cause of HF in many patients.
Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, beta
blockers, and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) are
the preferred antihypertensive agents because they improve
survival in HF. Beta blockers can also provide anginal relief
in ischemic heart disease and rate control in with atrial
Renovascular disease. Testing for renovascular disease is
indicated if there is severe or refractory hypertension, a
sudden rise in blood pressure, or repeated episodes of flash
Ischemic heart disease. Coronary atherosclerosis is the
most common cause of cardiomyopathy, comprising 50 to
75 percent of patients with HF.
a. All patients with documented ischemic heart disease
should be treated medically for relief of angina and with
risk factor reduction, such as control of serum lipids.
b. Myocardial revascularization with angioplasty or bypass
surgery may improve exercise capacity and prognosis in
patients with hibernating myocardium. Revascularization
should also be considered for repeated episodes of acute
left ventricular dysfunction and flash pulmonary edema.
Valvular disease is the primary cause of HF 10 to 12 percent.
Other causes of heart failure: Alcohol abuse, cocaine
abuse, obstructive sleep apnea, nutritional deficiencies,
myocarditis, hemochromatosis, sarcoidosis, thyroid disease,
and rheumatologic disorders such as systemic lupus
Meningitis and Sepsis in Children
Sepsis in the newborn. By and large the most common organism is group B strep and most of the disease reflects maternal colonization with group B Streptococci. The risk of a child having sepsis in the newborn period increases with reports of a number of other factors, including maternal fever, prolonged rupture of membranes, premature rupture of membranes, being a low birth weight infant where they may not have received antibody from the mother which would be protective against these encapsulated bacteria. Epidemiological data continue to link lower socioeconomic status with a higher risk of sepsis, and a point not to forget; when you see one pair of twins who is septic, the other should be promptly evaluated because there tends to be a high concordance rate of group B strep disease among twins. The other point, early onset disease. Sepsis appearing in the first week of life tends to be sepsis or pneumonia. >From seven days of age to 28 days of age sepsis is more frequently associated with bacterial meningitis.
Propofol infusion syndrome and other side effects Propofol (INN, marketed as Diprivan by AstraZeneca) is a short-acting, intravenously administered hypnotic agent. Its uses include the induction and maintenance of general anesthesia, sedation for mechanically ventilated adults, and procedural sedation. Propofol is also commonly used in veterinary medicine. Propofol is approved for use in more than 50 countries, and generic versions are available.
Causes of muscular dystrophy Muscular dystrophy (abbreviated MD) refers to a group of hereditary and non-hereditary, muscle diseases that weakens the musculoskeletal system and hampers locomotion. Muscular dystrophies are characterized by progressive skeletal muscle weakness, defects in muscle proteins, and the death of muscle cells and tissue. What are causes of muscular dystrophy?
In the 1860s, descriptions of boys who grew progressively weaker, lost the ability to walk, and died at an early age became more prominent in medical journals. In the following decade, French neurologist Guillaume Duchenne gave a comprehensive account of 13 boys with the most common and severe form of the disease (which now carries his name — Duchenne muscular dystrophy).