The Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes (TLC) Diet was devised by the U.S. government's National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) to give guidance to people who have blood cholesterol problems. The TLC Diet doesn't have a recommendation for how many calories people with cholesterol problems should eat daily because calories don't affect cholesterol levels directly.
TLC Diet GuideLines
TLC Diet Guidelines -- you should eat:
Less than 7% of the day's total calories from saturated fat.
25-35 percent of the day’s total calories from fat.
Less than 200 milligrams of dietary cholesterol a day.
Limit sodium intake to 2400 milligrams a day.
Just enough calories to achieve or maintain a healthy weight and reduce your blood cholesterol level. (Ask your doctor or registered dietitian what is a reasonable calorie level for you.)
How does the TLC Diet work?
Start by choosing your target calorie level. If your only concern is lowering LDL, the goal is 2,500 per day for men and 1,800 for women. Need to shed pounds, too? Shoot for 1,600 (men) or 1,200 (women). Then cut saturated fat to less than 7 percent of daily calories, which means eating less high-fat dairy, such as butter, and ditching fatty meats like salami. And consume no more than 200 milligrams of dietary cholesterol a day—the amount in about 2 ounces of cheese. If after six weeks your LDL cholesterol hasn’t dropped by about 8 to 10 percent, add in 2 grams of plant stanols or sterols and 10 to 25 grams of soluble fiber each day. (Soluble fiber and plant stanols and sterols help block the absorption of cholesterol from the digestive tract, which helps lower LDL. Stanols and sterols are found in vegetable oils and certain types of margarine, and are available as supplements, too.) On TLC, you’ll be eating lots of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, low-fat or nonfat dairy products, fish, and skin-off poultry. Exactly how you meet these guidelines is up to you, though sample meal plans are available.
Fiber foods functions and consumption rule The role fiber plays in promoting nutrition and health has been a controversial subject in recent years. What exactly is fiber? How effective is it in reducing certain health risks? Are certain types of fibers more effective than others?
Fiber, often referred to as “bulk” or “roughage”, is the indigestible portion of plant foods that helps move foods through the digestive system and softens stools by absorbing water. Insoluble fiber, which is found in brain, wholegrain breads and cereals, and most fruits and vegetables, is associated with these gastrointestinal benefits and has also been found to reduce the risk for several forms of cancer. Soluble fiber appears to be a factor in lowering blood cholesterol levels, thereby reducing risk for cardiovascular disease. Major sources of soluble fiber in the diet include oat bran, dried beans (such as kidney, garbanzo, pinto, and navy beans), and some fruits and vegetables.
Prescription diet pills list and review Prescription diet pills aren't for the person who wants to shed a few pounds to fit into a holiday party dress or tuxedo. Only people who are "obese" (those who are 30 percent over their ideal weight, or have a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 30 or more - see National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute: Healthy Weight to calculate your BMI) or who have a history of high blood pressure or diabetes are good candidates for prescription diet medications, according to the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
Psoriasis Symptoms and Treatment Psoriasis is common, affecting 1.5-2.0% of the population. It affects all ages, with bimodal peaks of incidence at ages 20-30 and 50-60 years. Plaque-type psoriasis is easily identified by its discrete round orange-red plaques with silver scale on the scalp, elbows, knees, or trunk. When psoriasis appears as intertriginous, guttate, or nail-limited psoriasis, the diagnosis can be challenging.
Etiology. Psoriasis exhibits abnormalities of epidermal proliferation and migration of inflammatory cells, resulting in accelerated epidermal turnover time. Psoriasis, particularly extensive psoriasis, has a strong genetic component. Exacerbants of psoriasis include stress, probably alcohol, many drugs, infection, and steroids.
Anxiety As A Response To Stress Stress is the wear and tear that life causes on the body. It occurs when a person has difficulty dealing with life situations, problems and goals. Each person handles stress differently; one person can thrive in a situation that creates great distress for another. For example, may people view public speaking as scary, but for teachers and actors it is an everyday, enjoyable experience. Marriage, children, airplanes, snakes, a new job, a new school, and leaving home are examples of stress-causing events.
Hans Selye (1956, 1974), an endocrinologist, identified the physiologic aspects of stress, which he labeled the General Adaptation Syndrome. He used laboratory animals to assess biologic system changes the stages of the body’s physical responses to pain, heat, toxins, and restraint; and later the mind’s emotional responses to real or perceived stressors. He determined three stages of reaction to stress:
Pseudogout crystals Pseudogout crystals are small enough and dull enough that they’re relatively difficult to see. Well, how do you see them? You take a pallet spin it down or take fluids spin it down to a pallet resuspend it, your chances of seeing pyrophosphate crystals go up about 70% or if you use a pallet. This is clinically an acute podagra. The inflammation is so intense that you actually peel off the skin like a blister. How come this is not cellulitis, sometimes it is difficult to sort out, as I say, the two can co-exist. The location is consistent with gout; in this particular case you can see tophaceous draining. This is chronic polyarticular tophaceous gout in a female patient that mimics rheumatoid arthritis. No history of acute podagra, this patient is 75 years of age, underlying osteoarthritis with crystal deposition disease. Different disease in men and women.
Naegleria fowleri life cycle Are you looking for naegleria fowleri life cycle? Naegleria fowleri is a free-living ameboflagellate that can cause primary amebic meningoencephalitis in humans (PAM). Of the 30+ species of Naegleria that have been isolated, only N. fowleri has been demonstrated to be pathogenic in humans. Another species, N. australeinsis, has been proven to be pathogenic in mice and is useful in laboratory study of Naegleria pathogenesis (De Jonchheere, 2004). While the number of reported cases of N. fowleri infection is small, because of the fatality of PAM (98% death rate), the amoeba and resulting meningoencephalitis are a public health interest.
Physical Allergy Some persons, when exposed to changes in temperature such as cold or heat or when exposed to sudden effort or sunlight, may develop manifestation, such as asthma, hay fever, or hives. In these instances the cold or heat acts as an antigen, much the same as milk or pollen may produce allergy. The demonstration of the presence of such sensitivity requires special tests. In the case of a patient sensitive to cold one tests the patient by attaching a small tube containing ice water to the skin of the arm. The tube is held in place with adhesive. Sensitivity to cold is determined by the appearance of large welt or hive at the point of contact. A similar of allergy are also included those patients who when exposed to a draft or a cod breeze develop nasal symptoms followed by severe so-called sinus headaches.
Atherosclerosis (Hardening of the Arteries) Definition and Causes What is Atherosclerosis definition? Atherosclerosis is a disease caused by the deposit of fat into the walls of blood vessels, especially the arteries. The disease can occur in any artery, but usually it is found in larger arteries around areas where they branch. One of the most common sites of atherosclerosis is the coronary arteries supplying the heart tissue. When atherosclerosis occurs in the coronary arteries, it is referred to as coronary artery disease.
Atherosclerosis can occur in anyone, but it is more likely to affect males, smokers, persons with high blood cholesterol levels or high blood pressure, and people who don't exercise frequently. Before age fifty, women develop atherosclerosis far less frequently than do males, because the hormone estrogen has a protective effect against the disease. After menopause, however, women are just as likely to develop atherosclerosis as men are. Those women who take supplemental estrogen after menopause retain some of the hormone's protective effects, however.
Atherosclerosis begins as small streaks of fat deposited just underneath the smooth lining of the arteries. The streaks, which usually begin near points where the arteries branch, can be found in some people as early as their late teens. As time passes, the streaks become thick accumulations of fat, known as plaques. There may be calcium deposits within the plaques, or the plaques may erode through the inner lining of the artery and project out into the lumen, the center of the vessel.
What is systolic blood pressure definition What is systolic blood pressure definition? Systolic blood pressure is the amount of pressure that blood exerts on vessels while the heart is beating. In a blood pressure reading (such as 120/80), it is the number on the top. If the top and bottom blood pressures are both too high, a person is said to have high blood pressure. If only the top number is higher than 140, the person has a condition called isolated systolic hypertension.
Listeria symptoms in adults and treatment Are you looking for listeria symptoms in adults? Listeriosis is a bacterial infection caused by a Gram-positive, motile bacterium, Listeria monocytogenes. Listeriosis is relatively rare and occurs primarily in newborn infants, elderly patients, and patients who are immunocompromised.
The symptoms of listeriosis usually last 7–10 days, with the most common symptoms being fever, muscle aches, and vomiting. Diarrhea is another, but less common symptom. If the infection spreads to the nervous system it can cause meningitis, an infection of the covering of the brain and spinal cord. Symptoms of meningitis are headache, stiff neck, confusion, loss of balance, and convulsions.
Rheumatoid Arthritis Diet Cure and Foods to Avoid Rheumatoid arthritis is primarily an inflammatory disease. It is an
autoimmune disorder whereby the body's own immune system starts attacking joint
tissue. A chronic disease, it tends to progress over time, but many people find
the pain and stiffness come and go for far varying periods of time. Rheumatoid
arthritis affects three times as many women as men. It is now thought that over
acidity in the body and uric acid deposits in the joints are major contributing
Researches in England have found that at least one third of people can
completely control their Rheumatoid arthritis bu eliminating foods to which they
have a sensitivity. The most common culprits are any foods and drinks containing
cow's milk as well as the nightshade group of fruit and vegetables.
Gangrene Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Gangrene is a term that refers to the death of body tissue due to diminishment or loss of blood supply, leading to nutrient and oxygen deprivation. There are three major types of gangrene: moist, dry, and gas gangrene. Although gangrene usually affects extremities, it can sometimes affect the internal organs.
Types of Food Poisoning Food poisoning occurs when you swallow food or water that has been contaminated with certain types of bacteria, parasites, viruses, or toxins.
Most cases of food poisoning are due to common bacteria such as Staphylococcus or Escherichia coli (E. coli).Here is some types of food poisoning.