A drug is any chemical substance that can alter the structure and function of a living organism. People use drugs for many reasons. Some individuals need drugs for health reason-to maintain a normal life or to alleviate specific symptoms or complications of diseases or other conditions. Other people indulge in drugs to alter their moods.
Reasons people use drugs
Researchers have identified several reasons people use drugs:
Medical purposes: Medicines are used for a wide range of purpose - from reducing symptoms of the cold and flu or treating headaches to lowering blood pressure or cholesterol to extend life and maintain quality of life. Because of chemical imbalances, individuals who suffer from condition, such as bipolar disorder or depression, would be unable to live normal lives without the availability of certain drugs. Methylphenidate (Ritalin), commonly used as a stimulant illegally, is also used to treat adults and children who have attention-deficit disorder. When used in this capacity, Ritalin frequently helps them focus on and complete tasks-something they frequently have difficulty doing without medical intervention. Drugs as medicines, although dangerous even under a physician's care when misused or prescribed incorrectly, are invaluable to many for maintenance of an active, successful lifestyle.
Recreational/social facilitation : People frequently use drugs that they believe will lessen the tension associated with social encounters. Marijuana and alcohol are particularly popular in social situations. Potential dangers of using drugs for this purpose include mental dependency on the drug and an inability to cope with social events without using the drug.
Sensation seeking: Some people enjoy taking risks. For them, drug fulfill the need for excitement and adventure. Others turn to drugs out of boredom or a sense of inadequancy in their lives. They are seeking sensations of pleasure that are artificially induced. Unfortunately, when drug tolerance occurs or they do not find the type of "high" they were looking for, users frequently turn to increasingly dangerous drugs or to increased doses to provide equivalent or more exciting thrills.
Religious or spiritual factors: Throughout history people have used drugs to enhance their spirituality or become more godlike. Too often the drug becomes the object or worship rather than the god or spiritual essence being sought. Though many people have tried, the spiritual realm has not been achieved through use of mind-altering drugs.
Altered states: Drugs are sometimes used to increase the intensity of a mood or create a state of euphoria. Some people attempt to enhance physical performance or stimulate artistic creativity. Evidence indicates that perceptions of improved abilities are false.
Rebellion and alienation: The use of drugs can be a deliberate act of rebellion against social values, especially the values of parents or society. Individuals who experience extreme pressures and have difficulty coping frequently turn to drugs as an escape. This includes college-age students facing academic pressure and increased personal freedom.
Peer pressure and gout entry: People who have a great desire to feel accepted often use drugs to demonstrate their sameness with other members of the group. Feeling accepted, modeling behavior after someone who is admired, and attempting to create an identity or specific image are reasons offered for drug use. Self-esteem seems to be a vital component. Individuals with high self-esteem see themselves as competent, successful, self-sufficient, accepting, outgoing, and wall rounded. People with low self-esteem tend to feel isolated and unloved and have a reduced capacity for joy or self-fulfillment. In the attempt to magically overcome these sensations and perceptions, many people turn to drugs.
Curiosity: Often, individuals first experiment with drugs out of curiosity-the desire to see what using the drug feels like or what the attraction is for chronic users. Although curiosity is normal and healthy in many circumstances, the primary problem associated with experimentation with drugs out of curiosity is the inability to know how a drug will affect any one human being. Whereas friends may consider the effects of a drug pleasurable, someone else may have a different, occasionally fatal, reaction. Most people try alcohol during their life. For most people this creates no problem; they can choose to use t or not use it. For some people one act of curiosity can use it. For some people one act of curiosity can result in the disease of alcoholism.
Kidney Failure Symptoms in Men Renal failure or kidney failure (formerly called renal insufficiency) describes a medical condition in which the kidneys fail to adequately filter toxins and waste products from the blood. The two forms are acute (acute kidney injury) and chronic (chronic kidney disease); a number of other diseases or health problems may cause either form of renal failure to occur.
Kidney failure can occur from an acute situation or from chronic problems.
In acute renal failure, kidney function is lost rapidly and can occur from a variety of insults to the body. The list of causes is often categorized based on where the injury has occurred.
Prerenal causes (pre=before + renal=kidney) causes are due to decreased blood supply to the kidney.
Calculate bmi for teenage girls Calculate Your Body Mass Index
Body mass index (BMI) is a measure of body fat based on height and weight that applies to adult men and women.
Nursing Intervention for Dementia The nurse has the responsibilities of administering medications to treat dementia. When administering drug, following nursing considerations will be followed.
What is Vitamins Vitamins are organic compounds (compounds made up of carbon atoms bonded to hydrogen atoms) that are necessary in small amounts for good health. The body can break vitamins down, but it cannot produce them. Vitamins have to be supplied in the diet. Unlike carbohydrates, fats, and proteins, vitamins yield no energy. Instead, some serve as catalysts that enable energy nutrients to be digested, absorbed, and metabolized. Some vitamins also interact with mineral. For example, vitamins C facilitates iron absorption, vitamin D improves calcium absorption, and thiamine requires the mineral magnesium to function efficiently.
Asthma Remedies at Home
Take a good quality multivitamin daily, plus a multimineral containing 200
- 400 mg of magnesium, and 200 mcg of selenium, because low levels leave you
more at risk from an attack.
Vitamin C in an ascorbate form; 1g three times a day taken with meals
helps opne the airways.
Take vitamin B6 (150 mg), B12 (1,000 - 2,000 mcg a day), as well as a B
complex. Asthma medication depletes B vitamins, particularly in people who are
sensitive to sulphates.
The enzyme bromelain taken 1,000 - 4,000 mcu a day helps to reduce mucous
production and ease breathing.
Take 60 mg a day of natural source beta carotene if you suffer from
exercise induced asthma.
The herb ginkgo biloba 120 - 240 mg standardised extract, or 3 - 4 ml of
tincture, taken daily has been shown to improve circulation and decrease
Oralmat is an extract or rye grass in a liquid formula that has
been shown to support healthy respiratory function by strengthening defences
against toxins in the lungs. An Australian study in mild to moderate
asthamatics showed considerable lessening of symptoms, for some after only a
few days of use. Three drops should be placed under the tongue three times
daily (hold for 30 seconds or longer). Children should use one drop instead.
Bronchial dilating herbs such as euphorbia and grindelia help open the
airways. Take 15 drops of each herb three times daily in juice.
Heartbeat irregularities Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Heartbeat irregularities (also called cardiac arrhythmias) are deviations from the normal, steady beating of the heart.
Minor irregularities in the heartbeat are common, but more serious arrhythmias can lead to fainting, angina pectoris, or heart attack. The most devastating heartbeat irregularity is called ventricular fibrillation, which occurs when the normally steady pumping action of the heart is reduced action of the heart is reduced to a useless quivering.
Myelodysplastic Syndrome Treatment Guidelines What is Myelodysplastic syndromes? Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) is a term for a group of disorders that cause the bone marrow to produce an inadequate number of healthy blood cells — red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. In MDS, cells in the bone marrow responsible for making blood cells (stem cells) don't mature, don't make enough blood cells or make defective cells.
Myelodysplastic Syndrome Treatment
The prognosis depends on the following:
Whether the myelodysplastic syndrome occurred after chemotherapy or radiation therapy for another disease.
The number of blast cells in the bone marrow.
Whether one or more types of blood cells are affected.
Certain changes in the chromosomes.
Treatment options depend on the following:
Whether the myelodysplastic syndrome occurred after chemotherapy or radiation therapy for another disease.
Whether the myelodysplastic syndrome has progressed after being treated.
The age and general health of the patient.
What is invasive molar pregnancy An invasive mole (cborioadenoma destruens) is a condition that halfway between a molar pregnancy and a true malignant mole. The molar tissue of ten grows into the muscle of the wall of the uterus, bur under the microscope the cell do not look like malignant molar cells.
For the placenta to implant itself in the wall of the uterus to establish of the normal pregnancy, it must be able to invade the mother’s uterine wall. When trophoblasts start growing abnormally, however, they can become invasive, even highly invasive.
What is Vitamin D for Health Are you looking for what is vitamin d for health?
Vitamin D is very important for the health and it is true fact that vitamin is not found in our foods as compare to its need in the body. Other major and most important source of vitamin d is sun light. But in this era world is fast enough that none of us has enough time to get sub bath and get vitamin via their skin.
Family Health Nursing “Family health nursing is the practice of nursing directed towards maximizing the health and well-being of all individuals within a family system. It incorporates two views of family; family as a unit of care and family as a system existing within larger system. Levels of intervention are individuals the personal, the family system, and the environmental level. The goals of the family health nursing include optimal functioning for the individual and for the family as a unit.”
The family as a unit of care means that the entire family is the recipient of nursing intervention. This view point recognizes the mandate in the standards of community health nursing’s practice that identifies clients as individuals, families and communities. In contrast, the family as context recognizes the impact the family has on an individual. This viewpoint underscores the need to understand the family environment in which the individual exists.
Symptoms of Pregnancy On the chart below are list of the most common symptoms of pregnancy and what they mean. You can also click the sign to get more information on each symptoms of pregnancy. The three categories of pregnancy symptoms are: possible, probable and positive.
Lupus Symptoms in Women Are you looking for Lupus Symptoms in Women? Lupus is a clinical syndrome, the cause of which remains uncertain. It is a member of the family of autoimmune rheumatic diseases. Lupus is more common in women, and certainly more common amongst the black and Chinese population. It’s clinical diversity is at least apparently matched by its serological diversity. The prevalence of lupus among Afro-Caribbeans is approximately five times that of a Caucasian population, and about 2 ˝ times that of an Asian population.