A drug is any chemical substance that can alter the structure and function of a living organism. People use drugs for many reasons. Some individuals need drugs for health reason-to maintain a normal life or to alleviate specific symptoms or complications of diseases or other conditions. Other people indulge in drugs to alter their moods.
Reasons people use drugs
Researchers have identified several reasons people use drugs:
Medical purposes: Medicines are used for a wide range of purpose - from reducing symptoms of the cold and flu or treating headaches to lowering blood pressure or cholesterol to extend life and maintain quality of life. Because of chemical imbalances, individuals who suffer from condition, such as bipolar disorder or depression, would be unable to live normal lives without the availability of certain drugs. Methylphenidate (Ritalin), commonly used as a stimulant illegally, is also used to treat adults and children who have attention-deficit disorder. When used in this capacity, Ritalin frequently helps them focus on and complete tasks-something they frequently have difficulty doing without medical intervention. Drugs as medicines, although dangerous even under a physician's care when misused or prescribed incorrectly, are invaluable to many for maintenance of an active, successful lifestyle.
Recreational/social facilitation : People frequently use drugs that they believe will lessen the tension associated with social encounters. Marijuana and alcohol are particularly popular in social situations. Potential dangers of using drugs for this purpose include mental dependency on the drug and an inability to cope with social events without using the drug.
Sensation seeking: Some people enjoy taking risks. For them, drug fulfill the need for excitement and adventure. Others turn to drugs out of boredom or a sense of inadequancy in their lives. They are seeking sensations of pleasure that are artificially induced. Unfortunately, when drug tolerance occurs or they do not find the type of "high" they were looking for, users frequently turn to increasingly dangerous drugs or to increased doses to provide equivalent or more exciting thrills.
Religious or spiritual factors: Throughout history people have used drugs to enhance their spirituality or become more godlike. Too often the drug becomes the object or worship rather than the god or spiritual essence being sought. Though many people have tried, the spiritual realm has not been achieved through use of mind-altering drugs.
Altered states: Drugs are sometimes used to increase the intensity of a mood or create a state of euphoria. Some people attempt to enhance physical performance or stimulate artistic creativity. Evidence indicates that perceptions of improved abilities are false.
Rebellion and alienation: The use of drugs can be a deliberate act of rebellion against social values, especially the values of parents or society. Individuals who experience extreme pressures and have difficulty coping frequently turn to drugs as an escape. This includes college-age students facing academic pressure and increased personal freedom.
Peer pressure and gout entry: People who have a great desire to feel accepted often use drugs to demonstrate their sameness with other members of the group. Feeling accepted, modeling behavior after someone who is admired, and attempting to create an identity or specific image are reasons offered for drug use. Self-esteem seems to be a vital component. Individuals with high self-esteem see themselves as competent, successful, self-sufficient, accepting, outgoing, and wall rounded. People with low self-esteem tend to feel isolated and unloved and have a reduced capacity for joy or self-fulfillment. In the attempt to magically overcome these sensations and perceptions, many people turn to drugs.
Curiosity: Often, individuals first experiment with drugs out of curiosity-the desire to see what using the drug feels like or what the attraction is for chronic users. Although curiosity is normal and healthy in many circumstances, the primary problem associated with experimentation with drugs out of curiosity is the inability to know how a drug will affect any one human being. Whereas friends may consider the effects of a drug pleasurable, someone else may have a different, occasionally fatal, reaction. Most people try alcohol during their life. For most people this creates no problem; they can choose to use t or not use it. For some people one act of curiosity can use it. For some people one act of curiosity can result in the disease of alcoholism.
Listeria monocytogenes prevention Are you looking for listeria monocytogenes prevention? Listeria monocytogenes is an important bacterial pathogen in neonates, immunosuppressed patients, elderly adults, pregnant women, and occasionally, previously healthy individuals. The importance of underlying diseases was illustrated in a series of 165 adults with culture-proven Listeria infection: 69 percent of cases in nonpregnant adults occurred in patients with cancer, AIDS, organ transplant recipients, or corticosteroid therapy
Birth Control Side Effects Long Terms Many of the adverse effects of oral contraceptive use reported
in the older literature were found subsequently to be dose related. As a result,
the incidence of side effects has diminished dramatically as the hormonal
content of the pill has plummeted. In the 1960s, the pill had 150 ug of
mestranol and 10 mg of progestin, whereas modem low-dose formulations have 20-35
ug of estrogen and 1 mg or less of progestin. Side effects reported to occur
with oral contraceptive use include headaches, weight changes, mood changes,
changes in libido, vaginal changes, and gastrointestinal problems. A recent
double-blinded, placebo-controlled study found that the incidence of side
effects with low-dose oral contraceptives was not statistically different from
that of the placebo users. The incidence of weight gain, breast tenderness, and
headache was essentially the same in each group.
HCG Diet Plan Phase 1 Are you looking for HCG Diet Plan Phase 1? The Homeopathic HCG diet plan does not need to be mixed. Drops are taken 3 times per day, typically preceding breakfast, lunch and dinner. Do not eat or drink anything 15 minutes before or after taking HCG drops. Using the oral syringe provided, drop .38 ml of HCG under your tongue and hold for at least 15 seconds before swallowing. Keep dropper very clean. You can carry your HCG drops and HCG diet plan with you throughout the day, but it's best to keep it in a cool, dark place. If you're at home, the fridge is best. Note: taking more than the recommended dosage from the HCG diet plan could result in depleting of drops before the 26 or 40 days are finished.
Plantar Fasciitis Treatment The plantar fascia can be involved with plantar fasciitis as it inserts into the calcaneus and also the Achilles tendon as it inserts into the back of the calcaneus. These are very common problems. If there is any sense that it is chronic inflammatory in nature and there are other systems involved, really think of a spondyloarthropathy because these areas are very commonly involved with things like ankylosing spondylitis and the like. But I do see patients occasionally and thatís all they have. They just have Achilles tendonitis or plantar fasciitis. Sometimes you can even get bursal inflammation although itís very difficult to differentiate from direct tendon involvement. But plantar fasciitis, again the most common situation I see is someone who walks a lot. Mail carriers. They start out with a 50 pound bag of mail and itís hard on their feet. They just walk around and deliver mail all day. But anybody who is on their feet a lot, walking, carrying extra weight, and the pain is usually in the sort of medial aspect of the bottom of the calcaneus. Itís not dead center, because thatís not where the plantar fascia inserts.
Symptoms of UTI (Urinary Tract Infections) in Women Pregnancy causes numerous changes in the womanís body. Hormonal and mechanical changes increase the risk of urinary stasis and vesicoureteral reflux. These changes, along with an already short urethra (approximately 3-4 cm in females) and difficulty with hygiene due to a distended pregnant belly, increase the frequency of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in pregnant women. Indeed, UTIs are among the most common bacterial infections during pregnancy.
Acute Leukemia Prognosis, Symptoms and Treatment Acute Leukemia is neoplastic disorders characterized by proliferation of immature hematopoietic
precursor cells in the bone marrow, and later in the peripheral blood and
other organs and tissues. If untreated, death usually occurs within six months
of diagnosis. Increase risk is associated with the following:
Appendicitis Diagnosis and Physical examination About 10% of the population will develop acute appendicitis during their lifetime, and the disorder most commonly develops in the teens and twenties. Appendicitis is caused by appendiceal obstruction, mucosal ischemia, infection, and perforation. Escherichia coli occurs in 80%, Bacteroides fragilis in 70%, and Pseudomonas spp in 40%.
Bunion surgery recovery and photos Are you looking for Bunion surgery recovery and photos? Bunion surgery generally involves an incision in the top or side of the big toe joint and the removal or realignment of soft tissue and bone. This is done to relieve pain and restore normal alignment to the joint. If the joint is severely deformed, it may be stabilized with tiny wires, stitches, screws, or plates. There are no guarantees that a bunion surgery will fully relieve your pain.
Symptoms of Salmonella infection Salmonella infection is a common bacterial disease that affects the intestinal tract. Salmonella bacteria typically live in animal and human intestines and are shed through feces. Humans become infected most frequently through contaminated water or food sources. So what are symptoms of Salmonella infection?
Angina Useful Remedies
The amino acid L-carnitine taken daily (1-3g) helps to improve the functioning of the heart and reduces symptoms associated with angina.
Co-enzyme Q10 Ė 150mg a day Ė has helped angina patients manage more exercise with less symptoms.
Natural-source vitamin E (400-500 IU a day) taken for at least one or two years thins blood naturally. If you are taking blood-thinning drugs, have your blood checked regularly by a doctor.
Fish oil supply EPA and DHA, which are essential fats that thin the blood naturally. Take 3mg daily to help reduce chest pain.
The herb remedy Hawthorne, 1-2ml tincture or 1-2g in tablets daily, helps protect blood vessels and improved heart function.
Take 2g of vitamin C daily with 1g of the amino acid lysine, which work together to help reverse atherosclerosis.
Magnesium helps regulate the heartbeat. Begin on 200mg daily, thereafter increasing to 400mg.
Include a good quality multivitamin and mineral in this regimen.
Begin using grapefruit pectin fibre over your breakfast cereal or in low-fat yoghurts. In numerous clinical trials, regular intake has been shown to lower LDL levels (the Ďbadí cholesterol) and the gently remove some of the sticky plague from artery walls. Available from all good health
Psoriasis Treatment Guidelines and Pictures Psoriasis is a chronic immune-mediated disease that appears on the skin. It occurs when the immune system sends out faulty signals that speed up the growth cycle of skin cells. Psoriasis is not contagious. There are five types of psoriasis: plaque, guttate, inverse, pustular and erythrodermic. The most common form, plaque psoriasis, is commonly seen as red and white hues of scaly patches appearing on the top first layer of the epidermis (skin). Some patients, though, have no dermatological symptoms. Here is some guidelines for Psoriasis Treatment
Ambiguous Genitalia Wiki, causes and pictures Are you looking for ambiguous genitalia wiki and pictures? The first concept that an examiner might want to know if they were asking the question - or if you were approached with the clinical thing - is that there are many different levels of sex, and not just chromosomes. We all tend to focus on chromosomes but thatís just one. Gonads, ovaries or testes? What are the internal ducts? What do the external genitals look like? What is the hormonal sex; androgen or estrogen circulating? And what is the psychosocial sex? All these things must be consistent in order to have a successful outcome of sex assignment.
Pulmonary Embolism Symptoms and Prevention Pulmonary embolism is a condition in which a part of blood clot in a vein breaks away and travels through the heart and into the pulmonary circulatory system. Here the vessels leading from the heart branch like a tree, gradually becoming smaller until finally they form capillaries, the smallest blood vessels. Depending on its size, the clot will at some point reach a vessel through which it cannot pass, and there will lodge itself. The clot disrupts the blood supply to the area supplied by that vessel. The larger the clot, the greater is the area of lung that loses its blood supply, and the more drastic the results to the patient.