A drug is any chemical substance that can alter the structure and function of a living organism. People use drugs for many reasons. Some individuals need drugs for health reason-to maintain a normal life or to alleviate specific symptoms or complications of diseases or other conditions. Other people indulge in drugs to alter their moods.
Reasons people use drugs
Researchers have identified several reasons people use drugs:
Medical purposes: Medicines are used for a wide range of purpose - from reducing symptoms of the cold and flu or treating headaches to lowering blood pressure or cholesterol to extend life and maintain quality of life. Because of chemical imbalances, individuals who suffer from condition, such as bipolar disorder or depression, would be unable to live normal lives without the availability of certain drugs. Methylphenidate (Ritalin), commonly used as a stimulant illegally, is also used to treat adults and children who have attention-deficit disorder. When used in this capacity, Ritalin frequently helps them focus on and complete tasks-something they frequently have difficulty doing without medical intervention. Drugs as medicines, although dangerous even under a physician's care when misused or prescribed incorrectly, are invaluable to many for maintenance of an active, successful lifestyle.
Recreational/social facilitation : People frequently use drugs that they believe will lessen the tension associated with social encounters. Marijuana and alcohol are particularly popular in social situations. Potential dangers of using drugs for this purpose include mental dependency on the drug and an inability to cope with social events without using the drug.
Sensation seeking: Some people enjoy taking risks. For them, drug fulfill the need for excitement and adventure. Others turn to drugs out of boredom or a sense of inadequancy in their lives. They are seeking sensations of pleasure that are artificially induced. Unfortunately, when drug tolerance occurs or they do not find the type of "high" they were looking for, users frequently turn to increasingly dangerous drugs or to increased doses to provide equivalent or more exciting thrills.
Religious or spiritual factors: Throughout history people have used drugs to enhance their spirituality or become more godlike. Too often the drug becomes the object or worship rather than the god or spiritual essence being sought. Though many people have tried, the spiritual realm has not been achieved through use of mind-altering drugs.
Altered states: Drugs are sometimes used to increase the intensity of a mood or create a state of euphoria. Some people attempt to enhance physical performance or stimulate artistic creativity. Evidence indicates that perceptions of improved abilities are false.
Rebellion and alienation: The use of drugs can be a deliberate act of rebellion against social values, especially the values of parents or society. Individuals who experience extreme pressures and have difficulty coping frequently turn to drugs as an escape. This includes college-age students facing academic pressure and increased personal freedom.
Peer pressure and gout entry: People who have a great desire to feel accepted often use drugs to demonstrate their sameness with other members of the group. Feeling accepted, modeling behavior after someone who is admired, and attempting to create an identity or specific image are reasons offered for drug use. Self-esteem seems to be a vital component. Individuals with high self-esteem see themselves as competent, successful, self-sufficient, accepting, outgoing, and wall rounded. People with low self-esteem tend to feel isolated and unloved and have a reduced capacity for joy or self-fulfillment. In the attempt to magically overcome these sensations and perceptions, many people turn to drugs.
Curiosity: Often, individuals first experiment with drugs out of curiosity-the desire to see what using the drug feels like or what the attraction is for chronic users. Although curiosity is normal and healthy in many circumstances, the primary problem associated with experimentation with drugs out of curiosity is the inability to know how a drug will affect any one human being. Whereas friends may consider the effects of a drug pleasurable, someone else may have a different, occasionally fatal, reaction. Most people try alcohol during their life. For most people this creates no problem; they can choose to use t or not use it. For some people one act of curiosity can use it. For some people one act of curiosity can result in the disease of alcoholism.
Exactly who does smoking affect baby Cigarette smoking produces a number of abnormalities in a motherís body. First, cyanide (a strong poison) is produced from smoking. This by product from smoking goes directly to your tissue and to the tissue of your baby, producing hypoxia (lack of oxygen) in the individual cell. In addition to this, nicotine causes constriction of the boob vessels of your body, decreasing the amount of blood flowing through the placenta and adding to the hypoxia produced by the cyanide.
Psoriasis Symptoms in Children Psoriasis is a skin disease that causes itchy or sore patches of thick, red skin with silvery scales. You usually get them on your elbows, knees, scalp, back, face, palms and feet, but they can show up on other parts of your body. A problem with your immune system causes psoriasis. In a process called cell turnover, skin cells that grow deep in your skin rise to the surface. Normally, this takes a month. In psoriasis, it happens in just days because your cells rise too fast. Here is some stuff about Psoriasis Symptoms in Children.
Normal Sleep Patterns Sleep duration and quality vary widely among persons of all age groups. One
person may gain adequate rest with 4 hours of sleep, whereas another requires 10
Migraine Headache Treatment and Medication Guidelines Sumatriptan
Sumatriptan (Imitrex) is available in three forms: subcutaneous injection,
nasal spray, and oral tablet. Injectable sumatriptan comes as a 6 mg dose for
use with an autoinjector. Subcutaneous sumatriptan is the most effective triptan.
It works extremely quickly with 50% headache response at 30 minutes, a one-hour
headache response of 77%, and more than 80% at two hours. Recurrence of migraine
within 24 hours after a headache response with injectable sumatriptan is 34-38%.
Recurrence with the spray and tablet is 35-40%.
Nasal spray sumatriptan. 20 mg is the optimal dose, with a two-hour headache
response of 64%. Almost 40% have headache response at 30 minutes. The spray
comes in a single-use device. When sniffed, it causes a terrible taste in the
back of the throat; therefore, patients should spray it once in one nostril and
not sniff in.
Hypomanic Symptoms in Children and Treatment Hypomania (literally, "below mania" ) is a mood state characterized by persistent and pervasive elevated (euphoric) or irritable mood, as well as thoughts and behaviors that are consistent with such a mood state.
Breast Cancer Signs and Self Breast Examination Instructions
About 1 out 10 women will develop breast cancer at some time in her life. Although this oft-repeated ratio has frightened many women, it represents a womanís lifetime risk. Thus, not until the age of 80 does a womanís risk of breast cancer rise to 1 in 10. Here is the risk at earlier ages :
Age 50 : 1 in 50
Age 60 : 1 in 24
Age 70 : 1 in 14
Age 80 : 1 in 10
In 1995, approximately 182,000 women in the United States will have been diagnoses with breast cancer for the first time. About 46,000 women (and 240 men) will die, making breast cancer the second leading cause of cancer death for women.
Kidney Stones Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Kidney stones are deposits of mineral or organic substances that form in the kidneys. When abnormally high levels of certain minerals, such as calcium, are in the urine, they may condense into hard masses, forming stones in the kidney or urinary tract. The stones may be as small as a tiny pebble or as large as a walnut.
HCG Diet Plan Phase 1 Are you looking for HCG Diet Plan Phase 1? The Homeopathic HCG diet plan does not need to be mixed. Drops are taken 3 times per day, typically preceding breakfast, lunch and dinner. Do not eat or drink anything 15 minutes before or after taking HCG drops. Using the oral syringe provided, drop .38 ml of HCG under your tongue and hold for at least 15 seconds before swallowing. Keep dropper very clean. You can carry your HCG drops and HCG diet plan with you throughout the day, but it's best to keep it in a cool, dark place. If you're at home, the fridge is best. Note: taking more than the recommended dosage from the HCG diet plan could result in depleting of drops before the 26 or 40 days are finished.
Adrenal Insufficiency Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Autoimmune adrenalitis is the most common cause of primary adrenal insufficiency. Adrenalitis caused by tuberculosis was once the most common cause. Autoimmune adrenalitis is sometimes accompanied by other autoimmune endocrine deficiencies, such as thyroid disease, diabetes mellitus, pernicious anemia, hypoparathyroidism, or ovarian failure (Table 14). Recently, AIDS and antiphospholipid syndrome have been cited as additional causes.
Iatrogenic tertiary adrenal insufficiency, a common secondary cause of adrenal insufficiency, results from suppression of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal function secondary to glucocorticoid administration. Secondary adrenal insufficiency may also result from pituitary or hypothalamic disease, as described earlier.
Symptoms of pneumonia in adults Are you looking for symptoms of pneumonia in adults?
Pneumonia is a general term that refers to an infection of the lungs, which can be caused by a variety of microorganisms, including viruses, bacteria, fungi, and parasites.
Most cases of pneumonia are caused by viruses, including adenoviruses, rhinovirus, influenza virus (flu), respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), and parainfluenza virus (which causes croup).
Holoprosencephaly prognosis and pictures What is Holoprosencephaly definition? Holoprosencephaly (HPE, once known as arhinencephaly) is a cephalic disorder in which the prosencephalon (the forebrain of the embryo) fails to develop into two hemispheres. Normally, the forebrain is formed and the face begins to develop in the fifth and sixth weeks of human pregnancy. Hox genes, which guide placement of embryonic structures, fail to activate along the midline of the head, allowing structures that are normally paired on the left and right to merge. The condition also occurs in other species, as with Cy, the Cyclops kitten.
The condition can be mild or severe. According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), "in most cases of holoprosencephaly, the malformations are so severe that babies die before birth.
Kegel Exercises for Women, Benefits and Instruction Are you looking for instruction and benefits Kegel Exercises for Women? A pelvic floor exercise, more commonly called a Kegel exercise (named after Dr. Arnold Kegel), consists of contracting and relaxing the muscles that form part of the pelvic floor, which are now sometimes colloquially referred to as the "Kegel muscles". Several tools exist to help with these exercises, though many are ineffective. Exercises are usually done to reduce urinary incontinence and aid with childbirth in women, and reduce premature ejaculatory occurrences in men, as well as increase the size and intensity of erections.