A drug is any chemical substance that can alter the structure and function of a living organism. People use drugs for many reasons. Some individuals need drugs for health reason-to maintain a normal life or to alleviate specific symptoms or complications of diseases or other conditions. Other people indulge in drugs to alter their moods.
Reasons people use drugs
Researchers have identified several reasons people use drugs:
Medical purposes: Medicines are used for a wide range of purpose - from reducing symptoms of the cold and flu or treating headaches to lowering blood pressure or cholesterol to extend life and maintain quality of life. Because of chemical imbalances, individuals who suffer from condition, such as bipolar disorder or depression, would be unable to live normal lives without the availability of certain drugs. Methylphenidate (Ritalin), commonly used as a stimulant illegally, is also used to treat adults and children who have attention-deficit disorder. When used in this capacity, Ritalin frequently helps them focus on and complete tasks-something they frequently have difficulty doing without medical intervention. Drugs as medicines, although dangerous even under a physician's care when misused or prescribed incorrectly, are invaluable to many for maintenance of an active, successful lifestyle.
Recreational/social facilitation : People frequently use drugs that they believe will lessen the tension associated with social encounters. Marijuana and alcohol are particularly popular in social situations. Potential dangers of using drugs for this purpose include mental dependency on the drug and an inability to cope with social events without using the drug.
Sensation seeking: Some people enjoy taking risks. For them, drug fulfill the need for excitement and adventure. Others turn to drugs out of boredom or a sense of inadequancy in their lives. They are seeking sensations of pleasure that are artificially induced. Unfortunately, when drug tolerance occurs or they do not find the type of "high" they were looking for, users frequently turn to increasingly dangerous drugs or to increased doses to provide equivalent or more exciting thrills.
Religious or spiritual factors: Throughout history people have used drugs to enhance their spirituality or become more godlike. Too often the drug becomes the object or worship rather than the god or spiritual essence being sought. Though many people have tried, the spiritual realm has not been achieved through use of mind-altering drugs.
Altered states: Drugs are sometimes used to increase the intensity of a mood or create a state of euphoria. Some people attempt to enhance physical performance or stimulate artistic creativity. Evidence indicates that perceptions of improved abilities are false.
Rebellion and alienation: The use of drugs can be a deliberate act of rebellion against social values, especially the values of parents or society. Individuals who experience extreme pressures and have difficulty coping frequently turn to drugs as an escape. This includes college-age students facing academic pressure and increased personal freedom.
Peer pressure and gout entry: People who have a great desire to feel accepted often use drugs to demonstrate their sameness with other members of the group. Feeling accepted, modeling behavior after someone who is admired, and attempting to create an identity or specific image are reasons offered for drug use. Self-esteem seems to be a vital component. Individuals with high self-esteem see themselves as competent, successful, self-sufficient, accepting, outgoing, and wall rounded. People with low self-esteem tend to feel isolated and unloved and have a reduced capacity for joy or self-fulfillment. In the attempt to magically overcome these sensations and perceptions, many people turn to drugs.
Curiosity: Often, individuals first experiment with drugs out of curiosity-the desire to see what using the drug feels like or what the attraction is for chronic users. Although curiosity is normal and healthy in many circumstances, the primary problem associated with experimentation with drugs out of curiosity is the inability to know how a drug will affect any one human being. Whereas friends may consider the effects of a drug pleasurable, someone else may have a different, occasionally fatal, reaction. Most people try alcohol during their life. For most people this creates no problem; they can choose to use t or not use it. For some people one act of curiosity can use it. For some people one act of curiosity can result in the disease of alcoholism.
Reasons For Drug Use A drug is any chemical substance that can alter the structure and function of a living organism. People use drugs for many reasons. Some individuals need drugs for health reason-to maintain a normal life or to alleviate specific symptoms or complications of diseases or other conditions. Other people indulge in drugs to alter their moods.
Chrons disease symptoms in children Are you looking for chrons disease symptoms in children? Crohn's disease, also known as regional enteritis, is an inflammatory disease of the intestines that may affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract from mouth to anus, causing a wide variety of symptoms. It primarily causes abdominal pain, diarrhea (which may be bloody if inflammation is at its worst), vomiting, or weight loss, but may also cause complications outside the gastrointestinal tract such as skin rashes, arthritis, inflammation of the eye, tiredness, and lack of concentration.
Cellulitis Home Treatment Cellulitis is a common but potentially serious bacterial (streptococcus or staphylococcus) infection of the skin and underlying skin tissue. It mostly affects the lower legs, although it can occur anywhere on the body or face.
Malaria Symptoms and Treatment Malaria, one of the common diseases in the world, gets its name from the Italian word for “bad air” because of an ancient belief that a mysterious substance in the air was the cause of the ailment. It is now known that the disease is caused by any of at least four parasites carried by Anopheles mosquitoes. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), malaria causes more than 300 million acute illnesses and at least one million deaths annually. Ninety percent of deaths due to malaria occur in Africa, mostly among young children. The disease was relatively rare in United States until the 1960s, when hundreds of cases began to appear among military personnel who apparently contracted the disease in south east Asia but did not develop symptom until they returned to the United States. The disease later occurred in soldiers who had never left the United States. It was apparently transmitted by domestic Anopheles mosquitoes that had become infested with the malaria parasites.
Chronic Hives in Children Hives are harmless skin allergic reactions which might irritate a child a great deal. They appear as raised pale or red colored skin welts. Hives may also appear as mosquito bites that keep changing their shapes and even their locations. Hives in kids are generally found on arms, legs, back and torso. Children may find the itching associated with hives quite unbearable!
Immunization for children and schedule You can see the diseases, vaccine-preventable diseases in this column and the number of cases reported prior to routine immunization and then the number of cases reported last year in this country. You’ll see a real dramatic decline in these vaccine-preventable diseases. Between 95 and 100% decline and this is due to routine immunization against these diseases. So this is a very dramatic success story, and because of this - this is from the MMWR published by the CDC - the top public health achievement of this century in this country is routine vaccination. So you can be assured that this is something that will be on the Boards because it’s been such a tremendous success, a tremendous achievement and it is very important.
What is lisfranc injury and how to recovery A Lisfranc (midfoot) injury is a significant injury that often has a prolonged recovery time. Fracture of the midfoot bones and/or disruption of the midfoot ligaments (Figure 1) leads to pain, swelling, and often an inability to weight-bear. During normal standing and walking the ligaments of the midfoot are subject to forces that are 2-3 times body weight.
Contraception Options for Women and Men Depot Medroxyprogesterone Acetate
Depot medroxyprogesterone acetate is an aqueous suspension of
microcrystals of progestin given by intramuscular injection every 11-13 weeks.
The approved contraceptive formulation has a concentration of 150 mg/mL; a
standard 1-cc dose is administered regardless of patient weight. Immediately
after injection, the site may be tamponaded, but massage must be avoided. Depot
medroxyprogesterone acetate is usually administered within the first 7 days of
the menstrual cycle; if given after that time, the woman should be advised to
use a back-up method for the next 7 days. The first year typical failure rate is
0.25-0.3% with a cumulative 5-year pregnancy rate of 0.9%. Continuation rates
are high due to the high efficacy, convenience, and privacy of the method.
Erythema Multiforme and Stevens Johnson Syndrome Erythema multiforme (EM) is an acute hypersensitivity reaction characterized by distinctive skin lesions and mucous membrane involvement that has a spectrum of severity. It occurs in two forms: the more common "minor" type and the more severe "major" type, also called Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS). Sometimes EM includes toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) or Lyell disease. EM minor first was described completely by von Hebra in 1866; Stevens and Johnson described the major variant in 1922. EM occurs more often in males, and 20% to 50% of cases occur in the pediatric age group, although rarely in those younger than age 3 years. A winter predominance is suggested.
The pathologic process responsible for EM is unknown. A review of the literature generates an extensive list of causative or inciting agents. Most frequently mentioned are sulfonamide antibiotics and anticonvulsants, both used commonly in pediatric practice. Malignancies, radiotherapy, autoimmune diseases, and infectious agents such as mycoplasma also have been implicated as possible causes. In 1992, Weston et al described a high incidence of herpes simplex virus (HSV) in EM lesions among both adults and children with or without a preceding history of HSV infection.
Treatment Of Sleep Disorder Primary Insomnia
Relaxation therapies can be helpful in the treatment of chronic insomnia, hypnosis, meditation, deep breathing, and progressive muscle relaxation are effective. Success with these interventions requires a great deal of practice and motivation on the part of the client.
Biofeedback has been used with success in some clients. The use of biological variable, such a asectromyography, helps these clients increase sensitivity to their internal state of arousal.
The Pink Diet Patch and Pill First there were patches to help you quit smoking, then birth control, and now there is a patch for losing weight. Created for women trying to lose those last five pounds, the Pink Patch is a substance-infused sticker that you slap on once a day to curb your appetite. The ingredients, which seep into the skin, are intended to control your appetite for 24 hours while revving up your metabolism, curbing your appetite, boosting your energy and elevating your mood. Pink Patch is the newest product from Curb Your Cravings, responsible for the Hoodia patch.
Is smoking harmful during pregnancy Your smoking can kill your baby. And, if the baby does not die, your smoking can cause such significant brain and body damage that your child will never be able to function as a normal, healthy person.
The earliest effect of the smoking related to pregnancy is infertility. People who smoke are less likely to get pregnant that people who do not smoke. If you do get pregnant, there is a do related effect on miscarriage. The more cigarettes you smoke, the more likely you are to miscarry).