A drug is any chemical substance that can alter the structure and function of a living organism. People use drugs for many reasons. Some individuals need drugs for health reason-to maintain a normal life or to alleviate specific symptoms or complications of diseases or other conditions. Other people indulge in drugs to alter their moods.
Reasons people use drugs
Researchers have identified several reasons people use drugs:
Medical purposes: Medicines are used for a wide range of purpose - from reducing symptoms of the cold and flu or treating headaches to lowering blood pressure or cholesterol to extend life and maintain quality of life. Because of chemical imbalances, individuals who suffer from condition, such as bipolar disorder or depression, would be unable to live normal lives without the availability of certain drugs. Methylphenidate (Ritalin), commonly used as a stimulant illegally, is also used to treat adults and children who have attention-deficit disorder. When used in this capacity, Ritalin frequently helps them focus on and complete tasks-something they frequently have difficulty doing without medical intervention. Drugs as medicines, although dangerous even under a physician's care when misused or prescribed incorrectly, are invaluable to many for maintenance of an active, successful lifestyle.
Recreational/social facilitation : People frequently use drugs that they believe will lessen the tension associated with social encounters. Marijuana and alcohol are particularly popular in social situations. Potential dangers of using drugs for this purpose include mental dependency on the drug and an inability to cope with social events without using the drug.
Sensation seeking: Some people enjoy taking risks. For them, drug fulfill the need for excitement and adventure. Others turn to drugs out of boredom or a sense of inadequancy in their lives. They are seeking sensations of pleasure that are artificially induced. Unfortunately, when drug tolerance occurs or they do not find the type of "high" they were looking for, users frequently turn to increasingly dangerous drugs or to increased doses to provide equivalent or more exciting thrills.
Religious or spiritual factors: Throughout history people have used drugs to enhance their spirituality or become more godlike. Too often the drug becomes the object or worship rather than the god or spiritual essence being sought. Though many people have tried, the spiritual realm has not been achieved through use of mind-altering drugs.
Altered states: Drugs are sometimes used to increase the intensity of a mood or create a state of euphoria. Some people attempt to enhance physical performance or stimulate artistic creativity. Evidence indicates that perceptions of improved abilities are false.
Rebellion and alienation: The use of drugs can be a deliberate act of rebellion against social values, especially the values of parents or society. Individuals who experience extreme pressures and have difficulty coping frequently turn to drugs as an escape. This includes college-age students facing academic pressure and increased personal freedom.
Peer pressure and gout entry: People who have a great desire to feel accepted often use drugs to demonstrate their sameness with other members of the group. Feeling accepted, modeling behavior after someone who is admired, and attempting to create an identity or specific image are reasons offered for drug use. Self-esteem seems to be a vital component. Individuals with high self-esteem see themselves as competent, successful, self-sufficient, accepting, outgoing, and wall rounded. People with low self-esteem tend to feel isolated and unloved and have a reduced capacity for joy or self-fulfillment. In the attempt to magically overcome these sensations and perceptions, many people turn to drugs.
Curiosity: Often, individuals first experiment with drugs out of curiosity-the desire to see what using the drug feels like or what the attraction is for chronic users. Although curiosity is normal and healthy in many circumstances, the primary problem associated with experimentation with drugs out of curiosity is the inability to know how a drug will affect any one human being. Whereas friends may consider the effects of a drug pleasurable, someone else may have a different, occasionally fatal, reaction. Most people try alcohol during their life. For most people this creates no problem; they can choose to use t or not use it. For some people one act of curiosity can use it. For some people one act of curiosity can result in the disease of alcoholism.
Gangrene Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Gangrene is a term that refers to the death of body tissue due to diminishment or loss of blood supply, leading to nutrient and oxygen deprivation. There are three major types of gangrene: moist, dry, and gas gangrene. Although gangrene usually affects extremities, it can sometimes affect the internal organs.
Plantar Fasciitis Treatment The plantar fascia can be involved with plantar fasciitis as it inserts into the calcaneus and also the Achilles tendon as it inserts into the back of the calcaneus. These are very common problems. If there is any sense that it is chronic inflammatory in nature and there are other systems involved, really think of a spondyloarthropathy because these areas are very commonly involved with things like ankylosing spondylitis and the like. But I do see patients occasionally and that’s all they have. They just have Achilles tendonitis or plantar fasciitis. Sometimes you can even get bursal inflammation although it’s very difficult to differentiate from direct tendon involvement. But plantar fasciitis, again the most common situation I see is someone who walks a lot. Mail carriers. They start out with a 50 pound bag of mail and it’s hard on their feet. They just walk around and deliver mail all day. But anybody who is on their feet a lot, walking, carrying extra weight, and the pain is usually in the sort of medial aspect of the bottom of the calcaneus. It’s not dead center, because that’s not where the plantar fascia inserts.
Malaria Symptoms and Treatment Malaria, one of the common diseases in the world, gets its name from the Italian word for “bad air” because of an ancient belief that a mysterious substance in the air was the cause of the ailment. It is now known that the disease is caused by any of at least four parasites carried by Anopheles mosquitoes. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), malaria causes more than 300 million acute illnesses and at least one million deaths annually. Ninety percent of deaths due to malaria occur in Africa, mostly among young children. The disease was relatively rare in United States until the 1960s, when hundreds of cases began to appear among military personnel who apparently contracted the disease in south east Asia but did not develop symptom until they returned to the United States. The disease later occurred in soldiers who had never left the United States. It was apparently transmitted by domestic Anopheles mosquitoes that had become infested with the malaria parasites.
Causes of Asthma and Diet for Treatment Asthma is a disease that affects the bronchial tubes leading to our
lungs, resulting in periods of wheezing and shortness of breath. Not only has
the number of asthma sufferers escalated worldwide, but recent research has
indicated that more than 10% of South Africans are affected and that it is
definitely the most common of the chronic childhood illnesses. Pollution from
traffic fumes is without doubt a contributing factor, as during school holidays
incidences of attacks are reduced as there is less traffic.
Other atmospheric pollutants such as pollen, cigarette smoke and car exhaust
fumes can all be triggers. The incidence of occupational asthma is also high in
this country, caused by contact with airborne particles e.g. flour, soap powder
and paint. Even stressful situations and chronic exhaustion can trigger an
attack as can eating foods to which you have a sensitivity (such as sulphur
dioxide, used as a preservative in many dried fruit). You can also suffer
exercise-induced asthma. People who take paracetamol every day are twice as
likely to suffer asthma, and if you take it twice weekly you are 80% more likely
to be affected.
What is Vitamin C Vitamin C, also called ascorbic acid, is the most wily consumed nutritional supplement. It is essential to the formation of collagen, a protein that is used to form all the connective tissues of your body. It is required in the breakdown and absorption of some amino acids, other minerals (such as iron), and the formation of some hormones. It may also help the immune system prevent infections. As an antioxidant it may play a role in prevention of atherosclerosis and some forms of cancer.
Propofol infusion syndrome and other side effects Propofol (INN, marketed as Diprivan by AstraZeneca) is a short-acting, intravenously administered hypnotic agent. Its uses include the induction and maintenance of general anesthesia, sedation for mechanically ventilated adults, and procedural sedation. Propofol is also commonly used in veterinary medicine. Propofol is approved for use in more than 50 countries, and generic versions are available.
Alcohol Treatment Centers Florida Are you looking for alcohol treatment centers florida? here is some list of alcohol treatment centers florida. Alcoholism is a treatable disease and many treatment programs and approaches are available to support alcoholics who have decided to get help, but no medical cure available.
Regardless of how someone is diagnosed as alcohol dependent or how they came to realize they have a serious drinking problem, the first step to treatment is a sincere desire to get help. Alcoholics who are pressured into treatment by social pressure or forced to quit by circumstances rarely succeed in the long run.
Dementia stages symptoms Are you looking for dementia stages symptoms? Dementia is a serious loss of cognitive ability in a previously unimpaired person, beyond what might be expected from normal aging. It may be static, the result of a unique global brain injury, or progressive, resulting in long-term decline due to damage or disease in the body. Although dementia is far more common in the geriatric population, it can occur before the age of 65, in which case it is termed "early onset dementia".
Symptoms of dementia can be classified as either reversible or irreversible, depending upon the etiology of the disease. Less than 10% of cases of dementia are due to causes that may presently be reversed with treatment. Causes include many different specific disease processes, in the same way that symptoms of organ dysfunction such as shortness of breath, jaundice, or pain are attributable to many etiologies.
Ephedra diet pills side effects and review Are you looking for Ephedra diet pills side effect and review? Many over-the-counter diet pill manufacturers say their product will help you see miraculous weight loss -- like losing up to 30 pounds in 30 days -- without diet or exercise. Their claims sound too good to be true, and most of them are.
A few pills, especially the newer prescription varieties (such as Meridia and Xenical), have been shown in clinical studies to help dieters shed a few pounds. But the majority of the ads you see on the Internet and TV are for products that are unregulated, untested and unproven.
Pleurisy symptoms back pain Pleurisy (also known as pleuritis) is an inflammation of the pleura, the lining of the pleural cavity surrounding the lungs. Among other things, infections are the most common cause of pleurisy.
The inflamed pleural layers rub against each other every time the lungs expand to breathe in air. This can cause severe sharp pain with inhalation (also called pleuritic chest pain). Here is some stuff about pleurisy symptoms back pain.
Filariasis Symptoms and Treatment The species of mosquitoes that transmit malaria and yellow fever, disease caused by protozoa and viruses, also transmit filariasis, caused by a parasitic worm—a nematode or roundworm. Filariasis affects 300 million people living in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. The worm invades the subcutaneous tissues and lymph system of the human body, blocking the flow lymph and producing symptoms of inflammation, edema, abscesses, and, in one form of the disease, blindness. Filariasis is not unknown to Americans; some 15,000 soldiers contracted disease during World War II fighting in the Pacific Theater, and cases have been reported along the Carolina coast area. But most of the victims of filariasis live in a region extending from Africa through Asia to the islands of New Guinea and Borneo.
Signs and Symptoms of Hypothyroidism Are you looking for signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism?Hypothyroidism affects two out of every thousand women. It affects about 6-10% of women over the age of 65 and about 2-3% of men.
The most common cause of hypothyroidism is Hashimoto's thyroiditis, a chronic autoimmune destruction of the thyroid. Other causes of hypothyroidism include radioactive iodine, thyroidectomy, thioamide drugs, and iodine ingestion. Transient hypothyroidism can occur in patients with acute thyroiditis.
What is Lobotomy definition Are you looking for lobotomy definition? here is some good list definition for lobotomy on internet.
Lobotomy, in medicine, destruction or removal of the prefrontal lobes of the cortex of the brain. The procedure was popularized by Portuguese psychiatrist Antonio Egas Moniz in 1935 as a means of controlling aggressive or violent behavior—work for which Moniz received the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine in 1949. The original procedure was modified in 1937 to involve severing almost all the nerve tracts connecting the prefrontal lobes with the rest of the brain. Although the operation was hailed as a major advance in treating severely emotionally ill patients, physicians realized in the late 1940s that many patients were transformed by the lobotomy into inactive individuals without initiative.