A drug is any chemical substance that can alter the structure and function of a living organism. People use drugs for many reasons. Some individuals need drugs for health reason-to maintain a normal life or to alleviate specific symptoms or complications of diseases or other conditions. Other people indulge in drugs to alter their moods.
Reasons people use drugs
Researchers have identified several reasons people use drugs:
Medical purposes: Medicines are used for a wide range of purpose - from reducing symptoms of the cold and flu or treating headaches to lowering blood pressure or cholesterol to extend life and maintain quality of life. Because of chemical imbalances, individuals who suffer from condition, such as bipolar disorder or depression, would be unable to live normal lives without the availability of certain drugs. Methylphenidate (Ritalin), commonly used as a stimulant illegally, is also used to treat adults and children who have attention-deficit disorder. When used in this capacity, Ritalin frequently helps them focus on and complete tasks-something they frequently have difficulty doing without medical intervention. Drugs as medicines, although dangerous even under a physician's care when misused or prescribed incorrectly, are invaluable to many for maintenance of an active, successful lifestyle.
Recreational/social facilitation : People frequently use drugs that they believe will lessen the tension associated with social encounters. Marijuana and alcohol are particularly popular in social situations. Potential dangers of using drugs for this purpose include mental dependency on the drug and an inability to cope with social events without using the drug.
Sensation seeking: Some people enjoy taking risks. For them, drug fulfill the need for excitement and adventure. Others turn to drugs out of boredom or a sense of inadequancy in their lives. They are seeking sensations of pleasure that are artificially induced. Unfortunately, when drug tolerance occurs or they do not find the type of "high" they were looking for, users frequently turn to increasingly dangerous drugs or to increased doses to provide equivalent or more exciting thrills.
Religious or spiritual factors: Throughout history people have used drugs to enhance their spirituality or become more godlike. Too often the drug becomes the object or worship rather than the god or spiritual essence being sought. Though many people have tried, the spiritual realm has not been achieved through use of mind-altering drugs.
Altered states: Drugs are sometimes used to increase the intensity of a mood or create a state of euphoria. Some people attempt to enhance physical performance or stimulate artistic creativity. Evidence indicates that perceptions of improved abilities are false.
Rebellion and alienation: The use of drugs can be a deliberate act of rebellion against social values, especially the values of parents or society. Individuals who experience extreme pressures and have difficulty coping frequently turn to drugs as an escape. This includes college-age students facing academic pressure and increased personal freedom.
Peer pressure and gout entry: People who have a great desire to feel accepted often use drugs to demonstrate their sameness with other members of the group. Feeling accepted, modeling behavior after someone who is admired, and attempting to create an identity or specific image are reasons offered for drug use. Self-esteem seems to be a vital component. Individuals with high self-esteem see themselves as competent, successful, self-sufficient, accepting, outgoing, and wall rounded. People with low self-esteem tend to feel isolated and unloved and have a reduced capacity for joy or self-fulfillment. In the attempt to magically overcome these sensations and perceptions, many people turn to drugs.
Curiosity: Often, individuals first experiment with drugs out of curiosity-the desire to see what using the drug feels like or what the attraction is for chronic users. Although curiosity is normal and healthy in many circumstances, the primary problem associated with experimentation with drugs out of curiosity is the inability to know how a drug will affect any one human being. Whereas friends may consider the effects of a drug pleasurable, someone else may have a different, occasionally fatal, reaction. Most people try alcohol during their life. For most people this creates no problem; they can choose to use t or not use it. For some people one act of curiosity can use it. For some people one act of curiosity can result in the disease of alcoholism.
Best Blood Pressure Monitor 2011 Review Are you looking for Best Blood Pressure Monitor 2011? Here is some review for Best Blood Pressure Monitor 2011. High blood pressure is a major problem today and the biggest difficulty with this serious and often life-threatening condition is that it rarely displays any symptoms at all. For this reason, it is vital that we all have our blood pressure checked from time to time and there is no easier way to do that nowadays than by using your own home blood pressure monitor.
Modern automatic monitors are simple to use and most have large digital readouts which are also very easy to read. Many also have memory facilities which allow you to keep a record or your blood pressure readings over time and sometimes to print these out or to load them into your computer where they can be plotted into a clear graphical picture.
Managing Your Eating Behavior Let’s face it. Eating for health is not easy. It takes knowledge, careful though and analysis, and the ability to put it all together and make the best decisions for your own lifestyle and personal goals within certain budgetary limits. There are no shortcuts, and what is true today may turn out to be false tomorrow. But by paying attention; reading; seeking help from reputable, trained professionals; and planning ahead, you can increase your own nutritional health. The following recommendations will help you improve your nutritional status :
Fiber foods functions and consumption rule The role fiber plays in promoting nutrition and health has been a controversial subject in recent years. What exactly is fiber? How effective is it in reducing certain health risks? Are certain types of fibers more effective than others?
Fiber, often referred to as “bulk” or “roughage”, is the indigestible portion of plant foods that helps move foods through the digestive system and softens stools by absorbing water. Insoluble fiber, which is found in brain, wholegrain breads and cereals, and most fruits and vegetables, is associated with these gastrointestinal benefits and has also been found to reduce the risk for several forms of cancer. Soluble fiber appears to be a factor in lowering blood cholesterol levels, thereby reducing risk for cardiovascular disease. Major sources of soluble fiber in the diet include oat bran, dried beans (such as kidney, garbanzo, pinto, and navy beans), and some fruits and vegetables.
What are the Symptoms of Herpes Herpes simplex virus (HSV) commonly causes infections of the skin and mucous membranes. Sometimes it can cause more serious infections in other parts of the body. HSV is one of the most difficult viruses to control and has plagued mankind for thousands of years.
Herpes simplex is part of a group of other herpes viruses that include human herpes virus 8 (the cause of Kaposi's sarcoma) and herpes zoster (the virus responsible for shingles and chicken pox). There are more than 80 types of herpes viruses. They differ in many ways, but the viruses share certain characteristics, notably the word "herpes," which is derived from a Greek word meaning "to creep." This refers to the unique characteristic pattern of all herpes viruses to "creep along" local nerve pathways to the nerve clusters at the end, where they remain in an inactive state for some indeterminate time.
Psoriasis Treatment Guidelines and Pictures Psoriasis is a chronic immune-mediated disease that appears on the skin. It occurs when the immune system sends out faulty signals that speed up the growth cycle of skin cells. Psoriasis is not contagious. There are five types of psoriasis: plaque, guttate, inverse, pustular and erythrodermic. The most common form, plaque psoriasis, is commonly seen as red and white hues of scaly patches appearing on the top first layer of the epidermis (skin). Some patients, though, have no dermatological symptoms. Here is some guidelines for Psoriasis Treatment
Narcissistic Personality Disorder Narcissistic personality disorder are self centeredness and inflated self esteem, both beginning by early adulthood. Individual with the disorder typically overestimate their abilities, feel superior to others and demand administration they invariably expect special treatment.
Candida Symptoms and Treatment Opportunistic infections caused by Candida species have increased substantially over the past 10 to 15 years. National data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) indicate that Candida species caused 7.7% of bloodstream infections nationwide from 1985 through 1988.
Seriously ill, immunocompetent patients and severely immunocompromised patients are at particular risk for nosocomial candidal infections. Included in these groups are neonates, patients with various forms of cancer who are leukopenic, and patients who have had major surgery (especially gastrointestinal and pancreatic), severe burns, or bone marrow transplants.
Syphilis types symptoms and treatment Syphilis, the other well-known sexually transmitted disease, is also caused by a bacterial organism, the spirochete known as Treponema pallidum. Because it s extremely delicate and dies readily upon exposure to air, dryness, or cold, the organism is generally transferred only through direct sexual contact. Typically, this means contact between sexual organs during intercourse, but in rare instances, the organism enters the body through a break in the skin, through deep kissing in which body fluids are exchanged, or through some other transmission of body fluids.
Pigment Disorders and Birthmarks The mechanism that controls skin coloration is described above under “Skin Color.” Abnormalities in the creation and distribution of melanin result in the following disorders some of which are negligible.
These are small spots of brown pigment that frequently occur when fair-skinned people are exposed to the sun or to ultraviolet light. For those whose skin gets red rather than tan during such exposure, freckles are a protective device. In most cases, they recede in cold weather. A heavy freckle formation that is permanent can be covered somewhat by cosmetic preparations. No attempt should be made to remove freckles with commercial creams or solutions unless supervised by a physician
Brain tumour symptoms in adults Are you looking for brain tumour symptoms in adults? More than 18,000 new cases of primary brain tumors are treated each year in the United States. Metastases are even more frequent and contribute considerably to suffering and death from systemic cancer. The diversity of brain tumors makes it important to attend to what is characteristic about each histologic type. Biologic specificity guides therapy to some extent now, and will be the key to successful treatment in the future.
Trigeminal Neuralgia Treatment Guidelines Are you looking for trigeminal neuralgia treatment guidelines? Trigeminal neuralgia (TN), tic douloureux (also known as prosopalgia, the Suicide Disease or Fothergill's disease) is a neuropathic disorder characterized by episodes of intense pain in the face, originating from the trigeminal nerve. It has been described as among the most painful conditions known. It is estimated that 1 in 15,000 people suffer from TN, although the actual figure may be significantly higher due to frequent misdiagnosis. In a majority of cases, TN symptoms begin appearing after the age of 50, although there have been cases with patients being as young as three years of age. It is more common in females than males.
New Treatments for Arrhythmias in Children This is a general outline of the approach to arrhythmias. The first thing you are going to do is; what is the heart rate? Fast, slow? Is it regular, irregular? The next thing you will notice is; is it wide or narrow QRS, because obviously you will be worried about how dangerous this might be. And then you will probably start to look a little more closely and see if you see P waves. And the P waves are what’s going to really give you a diagnosis. They can be absent, they can be normal, they might be retrograde or they might be intermittent or multiple. Whenever possible, it’s very helpful to obtain 12-lead EKGs to diagnose a rhythm disorder. Obviously if the patient is unstable it’s not worth it, in a pulseless patient. But if a patient is stable talking to you, it’s very helpful to figure out what this was and how to treat it long-term, if you have 12-lead EKGs. It’s also very helpful to run rhythm strips, preferably rhythm strips out of an EKG machine that will give you three leads rather than something off of a defibrillator or monitor during interventions when you give adenosine, even vagal maneuvers.
Paleo Diet Plan for Weight Loss The Paleo Diet is a way of eating that is very similar to the way our ancestors allegedly ate during the Paleolithic period, which was about 10,000 years ago. According to the Paleo Diet creator Dr. Loren Cordain the foods suggested in the Paleo Diet are high in the nutrients our bodies need to stay fit, and low in those that contribute to weight gain and illnesses related to too much weight gain.
The creators of the Paleo diet and recipes contend that the human body is genetically made to eat the way our ancestors did prior to the industrialization of agriculture.