Are you looking for Lupus Symptoms in Women? Lupus is a clinical syndrome, the cause of which remains uncertain. It is a member of the family of autoimmune rheumatic diseases. Lupus is more common in women, and certainly more common amongst the black and Chinese population. It’s clinical diversity is at least apparently matched by its serological diversity. The prevalence of lupus among Afro-Caribbeans is approximately five times that of a Caucasian population, and about 2 ˝ times that of an Asian population.
Lupus Symptoms in Women
Lupus is far from confined to the skin. Indeed, we now recognize lupus in all its many systemic forms, much of the work being done in this century in various parts of the United States. At least 10% of the patients in my cohort who have been misdiagnoses as suffering from lymphomas or other malignant diseases. Virtually all lupus patients of course have musculoskeletal involvement, substantial number have dermatologic involvement, and a large number of patients also have gastrointestinal disease. Perhaps nowhere is the clinical diversity shown that in the cerebral system, where anything from migraine to madness may be a feature of lupus. About 30% of patients with lupus presenting to a rheumatologist will turn out to have significant renal disease. Perhaps 40% will have cardiopulmonary disease and virtually all patients with lupus have some hematological manifestation or another.
For the final clinical conundrum, I’d like to draw your attention to thrombocytopenia. I’d like to persuade you, at least to my mind, that there are at least three sorts of thrombocytopenia in patients with lupus. There are a group of patients who present with what is generally regarded as idiopathic disease, idiopathic thrombocytopenia, until other features of lupus turn up some years later. The platelet count can certainly get very low with these patients and clinical symptoms referable to thrombocytopenia are very common. In addition I recognize a group of patients with what I call chronic persistent thrombocytopenia within the context of lupus. The platelet count here often runs between 50 and 125, but the clinical symptoms referable to this platelet count are much rarer. There are a similar number of patients who have a dramatic fall in their platelet counts. This can occur over a matter of weeks or months and there are again frequent clinical features relevant to the platelet counts. How best to treat these patients? This is a review of a number of patients with lupus or the antiphospholipid syndrome, reviewed by _ and myself some years ago. In our cohort 16.5% of patients had thrombocytopenia as judged by a platelet count of less than 100; 7.5% of these patients had thrombocytopenia linked to antiphospholipid antibodies and 6% have very severe thrombocytopenia, counts less than 15 with symptoms.
If each of the eight organ systems, based largely on clinical questions - and I stress that, clinical questions - we define disease activity on this A-E basis. Where A represents action. The patient is severely ill, has sufficiently severe clinical features that they require major immunosuppressive therapy. B for beware, in the sense that we already knew the patient was active. C for contentment. There is low level activity, not requiring much in the way of therapy. D for discount, in the sense that the disease was once active but is no longer active. And E for no evidence of disease in the system now or previously. Here’s an example of the way that this works. Take, for example, the cardiovascular assessment. In a patient who presents with cardiac failure or symptomatic effusion and two of these other features listed here, from pleuropericardial pain due to friction rub, to deteriorating lung function. That patient will be categorized for their cardiovascular assessment as an A. In contrast, if only two of these criteria were present, they would be categorized as a B. If only one criteria or mild chest pain was present, they would get a C. A D if there was previous involvement but none current, and E for no previous involvement.
Now all of these patients were treated initially with large doses of corticosteroids and a significant number of them failed to respond. What should you do then? There is some conflicting data in the literature but we have found that splenectomy done relatively early to be a very helpful way of proceeding. So, of 17 patients that we identified during this time period, 12 had lupus, four had antiphospholipid syndrome, and one had three features of lupus and what we referred to as lupus-like. Nine of these patients were eventually given a splenectomy. Six of them responded completely, two of them gave a partial response, which unfortunately was not sustained, and one patient died of an unrelated carcinoma. The patient with the lupus-like disease also did extremely well. So for us, we tend to treat patients with thrombocytopenia, especially the acutely presenting ones, with corticosteroids. If that doesn’t work within a few months we would proceed to splenectomy. We may use some IV Ig on the way.
That's some stuff about Lupus Symptoms in Women
Chicken Pox Causes, Symptoms, Complications, Treatment and Prevention Chicken pox is an extremely contagious disease that is characterized by a blistery rash. It occurs most frequently in children between the ages of five and eight; less than 20 percent of the cases in the United States affect people over 15 years old. Chicken pox is transmitted so easily that most everyone gets the disease at some time.
Chicken Pox Causes
Chicken pox is caused by infection with the varicella zoster virus. Chicken pox is contracted by touching an infected person’s blisters or anything that has been contaminated by contact with them. The virus also thought by some researchers to be air borne, since it may be caught from an infected person before the rash develops. Another way to get chicken pox is by exposure to shingles, a localized rash caused by the same virus.
The incubation period (the time between exposure to the illness and the appearance of symptoms) of chicken pox is 10 to 21 days. It is contagious for about six to eight days after day rash appears or until all of the blisters have dried out.
Myelodysplastic Syndrome Treatment Guidelines What is Myelodysplastic syndromes? Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) is a term for a group of disorders that cause the bone marrow to produce an inadequate number of healthy blood cells — red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. In MDS, cells in the bone marrow responsible for making blood cells (stem cells) don't mature, don't make enough blood cells or make defective cells.
Myelodysplastic Syndrome Treatment
The prognosis depends on the following:
Whether the myelodysplastic syndrome occurred after chemotherapy or radiation therapy for another disease.
The number of blast cells in the bone marrow.
Whether one or more types of blood cells are affected.
Certain changes in the chromosomes.
Treatment options depend on the following:
Whether the myelodysplastic syndrome occurred after chemotherapy or radiation therapy for another disease.
Whether the myelodysplastic syndrome has progressed after being treated.
The age and general health of the patient.
Bones and Muscles The bones of the human body, securely attached together by ligaments, form the skeleton or framework of the body. The body tissue, organs, and systems are located either inside the cavities formed by the skeleton or around it. The skeleton is the framework that holds everything in place. Also it source of attachment for many of the organs.
Rheumatoid Arthritis Diet Cure and Foods to Avoid Rheumatoid arthritis is primarily an inflammatory disease. It is an
autoimmune disorder whereby the body's own immune system starts attacking joint
tissue. A chronic disease, it tends to progress over time, but many people find
the pain and stiffness come and go for far varying periods of time. Rheumatoid
arthritis affects three times as many women as men. It is now thought that over
acidity in the body and uric acid deposits in the joints are major contributing
Researches in England have found that at least one third of people can
completely control their Rheumatoid arthritis bu eliminating foods to which they
have a sensitivity. The most common culprits are any foods and drinks containing
cow's milk as well as the nightshade group of fruit and vegetables.
Genetics of Behavior Behavior Genetics is a “science that combines aspects of psychology, psychiatry, physiology and genetics,” the goal of which “is to clarify the role that genetic factors play in the determination of behavior.” The term genotype refers to the total set of genes present in an individual at the time of conception and coded in the DNA. The physical manifestations of a particular genotype ate designated by characteristics that specify a specific Phenotype. Examples of phenotypes include eye color, height, blood type, language and hair type. As evident by the examples presented, phenotypes are not only genetic but may also be acquired (i.e. influenced by the environment) or a combination of both. It is likely that most psychiatric disorders are the result of a combination of genetics and environment influences)
Investigators who study the etiological implications for psychiatric illness may explore several risk factors. Studies to determine if an illness is Familial compare the percentages of family members with the illness to those in the general population of in a control group of unrelated individuals. These studies estimate the prevalence of psychopathology among relatives and make predictions about the predisposition to an illness based on familial risk factors. Schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, major depression anorexia nervosa, panic disorder and alcoholism are examples of psychiatric illness in which familial tendencies have been indicated.
Symptoms of endometriosis Are you looking for symptoms of endometriosis? here is some good article about symptoms of endometriosis.
Ten percent of women will develop endometriosis, characterized by the presence of endometrial tissue at sites outside the uterine cavity. The ectopic endometrial cells cause cyclical dysmenorrhea. The most common sites are the ovaries, posterior cul-de-sac, uterosacral ligaments, posterior broad ligament, and anterior cul-de-sac. The uterine serosa, rectovaginal septum, cervix, vagina rectosigmoid, and bladder are less frequent locations.
Pigment Disorders and Birthmarks The mechanism that controls skin coloration is described above under “Skin Color.” Abnormalities in the creation and distribution of melanin result in the following disorders some of which are negligible.
These are small spots of brown pigment that frequently occur when fair-skinned people are exposed to the sun or to ultraviolet light. For those whose skin gets red rather than tan during such exposure, freckles are a protective device. In most cases, they recede in cold weather. A heavy freckle formation that is permanent can be covered somewhat by cosmetic preparations. No attempt should be made to remove freckles with commercial creams or solutions unless supervised by a physician
Gallbladder diet after surgery Are you looking for gallbladder diet after surgery?
Most people never give a thought to the health of their gallbladder. The pear-shaped organ does have an important job, collecting and storing bile the fluid that helps the body digest fats. But unlike the heart, liver, and kidneys, the gallbladder isn't necessary to keep the body healthy and functioning. Even when it isn't working as well as it should and gallstones develop, most people are unaware that there is a problem.
Yet in a small percentage of people, gallstones can trigger a variety of symptoms, such as abdominal pain, bloating, gas, nausea, and vomiting. When gallstone symptoms are especially uncomfortable, the typical treatment is surgery.
Heat Stroke Treatment and Medication at Home Heat stroke may also be referred to as: heat contractions, sunstroke, heat exhaustion and heat fatigue. This health state is often life-threatening. This situation occurs when people exert or play in scorching, sticky places and their body liquids are lost during sweating, causing dehydration the body to swelter. Heat sickness may be observed as an array of illness involving the body’s failure to deal with heat. Here is some stuff about Heat Stroke Treatment at Home
Women and Cardiovascular Disease Heart disease is the number one killer of both men and women. In the United States, heart attacks kill about 240,000 women a year; stroke takes another 88,000 women’s lives. That compares with about 43,000 women who die annually from breast cancer. In fact, nearly twice as many women die of CVD (Cardiovascular Disease) than all cancers combined.
While men do have more heart attacks and have them earlier in life, women have a much lower chance of surviving a heart attack. We understand the mechanism that cause CVD in men from years of male-oriented research. But only within the last decade have we moved toward a better understanding of how CVD manifests itself in women.
Plague Sympyoms, Treatment and Prevention Bubonic plague, is transmitted to humans through direct or indirect contact with animals. At least three great epidemics of bubonic plague have been recorded, including the Black Death of the 14th century, when the disease claimed at least 50 million lives. While recent cases of the plague in North America have been relatively rare, cases still occur in the western United States. Increased outdoor activity in those areas has resulted in a higher incidence of the disease among humans in recent years.
Oxytocin hormone function oxytocin, hormone used clinically to stimulate contractions of the uterus during labour, to control bleeding following delivery, and to stimulate the secretion of breast milk.
Staying Fit during Pregnancy Like many other attitudes, our thinking on fitness during pregnancy has changed in recent years. No longer is a pregnant woman treated as fragile. A woman needs to be quite careful when carrying a baby, but these days a doctor is more likely to advise against a sedentary lifestyle for a healthy pregnant woman. Exercise during pregnancy can increase a woman’s muscle strength, making delivery of the baby easier and faster. Exercise can also help control her weight, making it easier to get back to normal weight after delivery. The baby may benefit from the mother’s exercise program as well.