Are you looking for Lupus Symptoms in Women? Lupus is a clinical syndrome, the cause of which remains uncertain. It is a member of the family of autoimmune rheumatic diseases. Lupus is more common in women, and certainly more common amongst the black and Chinese population. It’s clinical diversity is at least apparently matched by its serological diversity. The prevalence of lupus among Afro-Caribbeans is approximately five times that of a Caucasian population, and about 2 ½ times that of an Asian population.
Lupus Symptoms in Women
Lupus is far from confined to the skin. Indeed, we now recognize lupus in all its many systemic forms, much of the work being done in this century in various parts of the United States. At least 10% of the patients in my cohort who have been misdiagnoses as suffering from lymphomas or other malignant diseases. Virtually all lupus patients of course have musculoskeletal involvement, substantial number have dermatologic involvement, and a large number of patients also have gastrointestinal disease. Perhaps nowhere is the clinical diversity shown that in the cerebral system, where anything from migraine to madness may be a feature of lupus. About 30% of patients with lupus presenting to a rheumatologist will turn out to have significant renal disease. Perhaps 40% will have cardiopulmonary disease and virtually all patients with lupus have some hematological manifestation or another.
For the final clinical conundrum, I’d like to draw your attention to thrombocytopenia. I’d like to persuade you, at least to my mind, that there are at least three sorts of thrombocytopenia in patients with lupus. There are a group of patients who present with what is generally regarded as idiopathic disease, idiopathic thrombocytopenia, until other features of lupus turn up some years later. The platelet count can certainly get very low with these patients and clinical symptoms referable to thrombocytopenia are very common. In addition I recognize a group of patients with what I call chronic persistent thrombocytopenia within the context of lupus. The platelet count here often runs between 50 and 125, but the clinical symptoms referable to this platelet count are much rarer. There are a similar number of patients who have a dramatic fall in their platelet counts. This can occur over a matter of weeks or months and there are again frequent clinical features relevant to the platelet counts. How best to treat these patients? This is a review of a number of patients with lupus or the antiphospholipid syndrome, reviewed by _ and myself some years ago. In our cohort 16.5% of patients had thrombocytopenia as judged by a platelet count of less than 100; 7.5% of these patients had thrombocytopenia linked to antiphospholipid antibodies and 6% have very severe thrombocytopenia, counts less than 15 with symptoms.
If each of the eight organ systems, based largely on clinical questions - and I stress that, clinical questions - we define disease activity on this A-E basis. Where A represents action. The patient is severely ill, has sufficiently severe clinical features that they require major immunosuppressive therapy. B for beware, in the sense that we already knew the patient was active. C for contentment. There is low level activity, not requiring much in the way of therapy. D for discount, in the sense that the disease was once active but is no longer active. And E for no evidence of disease in the system now or previously. Here’s an example of the way that this works. Take, for example, the cardiovascular assessment. In a patient who presents with cardiac failure or symptomatic effusion and two of these other features listed here, from pleuropericardial pain due to friction rub, to deteriorating lung function. That patient will be categorized for their cardiovascular assessment as an A. In contrast, if only two of these criteria were present, they would be categorized as a B. If only one criteria or mild chest pain was present, they would get a C. A D if there was previous involvement but none current, and E for no previous involvement.
Now all of these patients were treated initially with large doses of corticosteroids and a significant number of them failed to respond. What should you do then? There is some conflicting data in the literature but we have found that splenectomy done relatively early to be a very helpful way of proceeding. So, of 17 patients that we identified during this time period, 12 had lupus, four had antiphospholipid syndrome, and one had three features of lupus and what we referred to as lupus-like. Nine of these patients were eventually given a splenectomy. Six of them responded completely, two of them gave a partial response, which unfortunately was not sustained, and one patient died of an unrelated carcinoma. The patient with the lupus-like disease also did extremely well. So for us, we tend to treat patients with thrombocytopenia, especially the acutely presenting ones, with corticosteroids. If that doesn’t work within a few months we would proceed to splenectomy. We may use some IV Ig on the way.
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Angina Pectoris Causes The most common symptom of coronary artery disease is angina pectoris, chest pain caused by insufficient oxygen getting to the muscles of the heart. Angina is usually described as a tightness, pressure, or dull aching pain under the breastbone and on the left side of the chest. Often it is described as "feeling like someone's sitting on my chest." The pain may radiate from the chest to the left arm or the left side of the jaw, and occasionally to the back.
The symptoms of angina are experienced in different ways by different people, but an individual usually experiences the same symptoms every time an attack occurs. Many experience sweating, shortness of breath, chills, or nausea during an attack. Others have no symptoms but a mild chest discomfort. Angina usually resolves five to ten minutes after exertion stops.
How to Lose Weight Fast for Teenage Girl without exercise They told him of a party or some event a few weeks in advance and need to lose a few pounds?
Or maybe going to go on holiday and want to look spectacular in the photos.
Fortunately there are some tricks to lose those few extra pounds in no time.
Angelman Syndrome Causes and Risk Factors Are you looking for angelman syndrome causes risk factors? here is some good stuff about angelman syndrome causes risk factors. Angelman syndrome is a complex genetic disorder that primarily affects the nervous system. Characteristic features of this condition include developmental delay, intellectual disability, severe speech impairment, and problems with movement and balance (ataxia). Most affected children also have recurrent seizures (epilepsy) and a small head size (microcephaly). Delayed development becomes noticeable by the age of 6 to 12 months, and other common signs and symptoms usually appear in early childhood.
Menstrual Disorders (Amenorrhea) Among the health concerns of women that specifically belong to gynecology are menstrual disorders. Normally, the first menstrual period (menarche) occurs about age 12 or 13, or sometimes earlier or later. Periods are generally irregular for the first year or two, and then they tend to recur at intervals of 24 to 32 days. Each period begins about two weeks after ovulation, or the release of an egg cell (ovum) from the ovary—unless, of course, the ovum happens to be fertilized in the interval and pregnancy interrupts the whole process.
The menstrual flow, which lasts from three to seven days, is composed mainly of serum, mucus, and dead cells shed from the lining (endometrium) of the uterus. The loss of blood is minimal, usually from two to four ounces. The volume of flow, as well as the time schedule, tends to be fairly regular for most women. When one’s menstrual pattern varies noticeably from the expected pattern, and in the absence of pregnancy, it may be assign of a physical or emotional disorder.
Cocaine Effects on The Brain and Body At one time cocaine was considered the drug of upper-class America. Unfortunately, the use of cocaine and its derivative, crack, is now epidemic. It is estimated that 25 to 30 million people have experimented with cocaine in the United States. Approximately 5 million people use the drug regularly. Among young adults, 6,7% have tried crack and 40% tried cocaine. In a recent survey of high school senior, 1 in 18 admitted to trying crack and 14% used cocaine in other forms.
A powerful stimulant, cocaine is derived from the leaves of the South American coca shrub and ground into a crystalline powder. The most common methods of sung the drug are either snorting it, liquefying it and then injecting it, or freebasing (smoking). When snorted, the white powder is sniffed up through the nose. The most potent and expensive method of cocaine use is freebasing. The drug is usually smoked in a water pipe because this provides faster absorption into the bloodstream.
Pleurisy symptoms back pain Pleurisy (also known as pleuritis) is an inflammation of the pleura, the lining of the pleural cavity surrounding the lungs. Among other things, infections are the most common cause of pleurisy.
The inflamed pleural layers rub against each other every time the lungs expand to breathe in air. This can cause severe sharp pain with inhalation (also called pleuritic chest pain). Here is some stuff about pleurisy symptoms back pain.
Dysthymic Disorder Symptoms and Treatments Depressed mood is present for most of the day, for more days than it is not present, and depression has been present for at least two years.
Presence of at least two of the following:
Poor appetite or overeating.
Insomnia or hypersomnia.
Low energy or fatigue.
Poor concentration or difficulty making decisions.
Over the two year period, the patient has never been without symptoms for more than two months consecutively.
No major depressive episode has occurred during the first two years of the disturbance.
No manic, hypomanic or mixed episode, or evidence of cyclothymia is present.
Symptoms do not occur with a chronic psychotic disorder.
Symptoms are not due to substance use or a general medical condition.
Symptoms cause significant social or occupational dysfunction or marked subjective distress.
Tuberculosis Symptoms and Treatment Tuberculosis is a bacterial infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis organisms. Because the body has difficulty fighting thus type of bacterium, it attempts to wall of the off the organisms within small nodules, called granulomas or tubercles, which contain both the bacteria and the tissue produced by the body in reaction to them.
Of all person who are infected by the tuberculosis bacteria, 80 percent will never experience the symptoms of the disease. Usually, the body is able to surround the offending bacteria with granulomas; the tuberculosis bacteria then lie dormant in the body, and active disease does not develop. However, because the body cannot kill the bacteria-only contain them-the infection can become active at a later time, of the when some other disease has weakened the body’s defenses.
Of the 20 percent of infected persons in whom an active case does develop, only half will become sick within three months of contracting the infection; the other half will suffer from the disease at some time in their lives, perhaps years later. Tuberculosis usually affects the lungs, but it can also involve other parts of the body, such as spine, the kidneys, the digestive tract, and the lining of the heart.
Plague Sympyoms, Treatment and Prevention Bubonic plague, is transmitted to humans through direct or indirect contact with animals. At least three great epidemics of bubonic plague have been recorded, including the Black Death of the 14th century, when the disease claimed at least 50 million lives. While recent cases of the plague in North America have been relatively rare, cases still occur in the western United States. Increased outdoor activity in those areas has resulted in a higher incidence of the disease among humans in recent years.
Anxiety As A Response To Stress Stress is the wear and tear that life causes on the body. It occurs when a person has difficulty dealing with life situations, problems and goals. Each person handles stress differently; one person can thrive in a situation that creates great distress for another. For example, may people view public speaking as scary, but for teachers and actors it is an everyday, enjoyable experience. Marriage, children, airplanes, snakes, a new job, a new school, and leaving home are examples of stress-causing events.
Hans Selye (1956, 1974), an endocrinologist, identified the physiologic aspects of stress, which he labeled the General Adaptation Syndrome. He used laboratory animals to assess biologic system changes the stages of the body’s physical responses to pain, heat, toxins, and restraint; and later the mind’s emotional responses to real or perceived stressors. He determined three stages of reaction to stress:
Ovarian Cancer Staging and Treatment Are you looking for article about ovarian cancer staging and treatment? Here is good stuff about ovarian cancer staging and treatment.
The FIGO staging classification scheme for ovarian cancer is outlined in the box, page 42. The staging of advanced disease (spread throughout the abdomen) may be obvious to most physicians, but it is important for a surgeon to be meticulous in the staging of early ovarian cancer. In one study it was found that one third of patients referred with stage I or stage II disease were actually found to have stage III disease when the appropriate staging operation was performed. Similar results have been reported by other researchers.
Ear Infection Treatment Adult and Antibiotics Are you looking for Ear Infection Treatment for Adult and what are Antibiotics for ear infection?
Ear infections occur when a cold, throat infection, or allergy attack causes fluid to become trapped in the middle ear. Mostly affecting children, symptoms include earaches and thick, yellow fluid coming from the ears. A small tube connects your ear to your throat. These two tubes are called eustachian tubes (say "yoo-STAY-shee-un"). A cold can cause this tube to swell. When the tube swells enough to become blocked, it can trap fluid inside your ear. This makes it a perfect place for germs to grow and cause an infection.
Women and Cardiovascular Disease Heart disease is the number one killer of both men and women. In the United States, heart attacks kill about 240,000 women a year; stroke takes another 88,000 women’s lives. That compares with about 43,000 women who die annually from breast cancer. In fact, nearly twice as many women die of CVD (Cardiovascular Disease) than all cancers combined.
While men do have more heart attacks and have them earlier in life, women have a much lower chance of surviving a heart attack. We understand the mechanism that cause CVD in men from years of male-oriented research. But only within the last decade have we moved toward a better understanding of how CVD manifests itself in women.