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Heat stroke is a form of hyperthermia, an abnormally elevated body temperature with accompanying physical symptoms including changes in the nervous system function. Unlike heat cramps and heat exhaustion, two other forms of hyperthermia that are less severe, heat stroke is a true medical emergency that is often fatal if not properly and promptly treated.
Heat Stroke Long Term Effects
Heat stroke leads only rarely to permanent neurological deficits and the convalescence is almost complete. There are, however, some sporadic descriptions of disturbances that lasted for up to 4 months. Little has been mentioned in the literature on residual changes in personality and late neurological side effects. The present study was conducted to follow systematically late personality and behavioral abnormalities in a population of heat stroke victims. This study analyzed 21 young subjects (age: 21 +/- 2 years), who were inflicted by heat stroke. They were invited for a physiological and psychological follow-up examination at least 6 months post-hospitalization.
The psychological assessment was comprised of the self-report symptom checklist-90R (SCL-90R), which inquires about symptoms during the 2 weeks preceding the interview. The results indicated that the subjects are psychologically healthy because their scores fell within the normal range. Comparison with a carefully matched control group strengthened this finding. The conclusion was that prominent neurological or behavioral sequelae in heat stroke victims are rare. The psychological assessments clearly indicate that heat stroke did not leave long-term adverse residues. However, one should be aware of the possible complications and follow the patient for several months after the event.
If you don't act quickly on the other symptoms of heatstroke, you could die or experience damage to your brain or other vital organs. In response to heatstroke, these organs swell, and if you don't cool your body temperature quickly, the damage from this swelling could be permanent.
Almost a full quarter of the subjects died within the year; most of them within the first three months. All of the remaining survivors suffered some amount of brain and nervous system impairment. Approximately half were diagnosed with kidney problems and blood clots, while 10 percent of the group experienced malfunction of the lungs due to inflammation. After taking into account each subject's health conditions before hospitalisation, all of these side effects were judged to be a direct result of heat stroke.
Residual Effects of Heat Stroke
Rhabdomyolysis is another complication of untreated heat stroke. It occurs when the heat damages your muscles and causes a breakdown of muscle fibers. This results in myoglobin being released into your bloodstream. Myogobin is a protein, and too much of it in the blood stream can cause damage to your kidneys.
The Chinese University of Hong Kong states that heat stroke can lead to permanent brain damage. The damage that results depends on what part of the brain is affected. One possible long-term problem is ataxia, which is a loss of the ability to control muscular movements. It can affect any area of the body and can interfere with vision and speech, as well. Another complication of brain damage from heat stroke is dysarthria. This is a condition in which the muscles in your mouth, face, and respiratory system become weak. This can lead to slurred speech and trouble breathing.
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Mesenteric Ischemia Mesenteric ischemia is classified as acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI) chronic mesenteric ischemia (CMI). AMI is subdivided into occlusive and nonocclusive mesenteric ischemia. Occlusive mesenteric ischemia results from either thrombotic or embolic arterial or venous occlusion. Approximately 80% of cases of AMI are occlusive in etiology, with arterial emboli or thromboses in 65% of cases and venous thrombosis in 15%. Arterial occlusions result from emboli in 75% of patients and in situ thrombosis cause the remaining 25%. NOMI is caused by low perfusion states and is responsible for 20% of AMI.
Inhalants Cause Allergy A large number of substances reach the body through breathing or inhalation. The fact that they are introduced through inhalation does not necessarily indicate that the symptoms will be only respiratory; for example, inhaled substances can produce hives, and conversely foods may cause asthma. Air-borne pollen and molds produce seasonal hay fever. house dust is a very important inhalant antigen. animal hairs are frequent offenders, and for this reason allergic patients should avoid contact with or exposure to animals regardless as to whether they are skin sensitive to their. Contact with horses, especially riding behind a horse, or using horse blankets or being in the company of people who wear riding habits may produce severe allergic symptoms.
Reasons For Drug Use A drug is any chemical substance that can alter the structure and function of a living organism. People use drugs for many reasons. Some individuals need drugs for health reason-to maintain a normal life or to alleviate specific symptoms or complications of diseases or other conditions. Other people indulge in drugs to alter their moods.
Symptoms of Gallbladder Dysfunction Are you looking for symptoms of gallbladder dysfunction? What is important to say when it comes to gallbladder symptoms is that people can be quite unaware that their digestion problems actually come from their gallbladder. The reason for this is that gallbladder symptoms are closely related to other signs of digestion disorders. So keep in mind that all the symptoms you find here may be related not only to your gallbladder but to other organs as well. Sometimes only one of these symptoms is enough to show you that something is wrong with your gallbladder. So if you experience one of the symptoms listed below (or more of them), visit your doctor.
In vertebrates the gallbladder (cholecyst, gall bladder, Biliary Vesicle) is a small organ that aids mainly in fat digestion and concentrates bile produced by the liver. In humans the loss of the gallbladder is usually easily tolerated.
Ornish diet recipes and meal plan Are you looking for Ornish diet recipes and meal plan? Unlike other diet books that make big promises, Eat More, Weigh Less, by Dean Ornish, MD, soft-pedals the health claims for this diet for the masses, adapted from his regimen to reverse heart disease. Ornish is well known in the medical community because of his success in reversing blockages to the heart, once thought impossible without surgery or drugs. Ornish also runs his own health and diet site here at WebMD which can give you additional details about his plan.
Adrenal Insufficiency Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Autoimmune adrenalitis is the most common cause of primary adrenal insufficiency. Adrenalitis caused by tuberculosis was once the most common cause. Autoimmune adrenalitis is sometimes accompanied by other autoimmune endocrine deficiencies, such as thyroid disease, diabetes mellitus, pernicious anemia, hypoparathyroidism, or ovarian failure (Table 14). Recently, AIDS and antiphospholipid syndrome have been cited as additional causes.
Iatrogenic tertiary adrenal insufficiency, a common secondary cause of adrenal insufficiency, results from suppression of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal function secondary to glucocorticoid administration. Secondary adrenal insufficiency may also result from pituitary or hypothalamic disease, as described earlier.
Ephedra diet pills side effects and review Are you looking for Ephedra diet pills side effect and review? Many over-the-counter diet pill manufacturers say their product will help you see miraculous weight loss -- like losing up to 30 pounds in 30 days -- without diet or exercise. Their claims sound too good to be true, and most of them are.
A few pills, especially the newer prescription varieties (such as Meridia and Xenical), have been shown in clinical studies to help dieters shed a few pounds. But the majority of the ads you see on the Internet and TV are for products that are unregulated, untested and unproven.
Red Blood Cell Indices The red cell indices give a valuable specific overview of anaemias (low RBC / Hb) and polycythaemias
(high RBC / Hb) whilst in parallel being able to part differentiate alcohol use, kidney problems, liver
problems, sickle cell and thalassemia
Red Blood Cell Number
The red blood cells or erythrocytes primarily transport oxygen and some nutrients to organs and tissues.
Hence the symptoms of lack of breath, dizziness and tiredness when these cells are low in number. The
process of creating RBCs is called erythropoiesis and this is induced by reduced oxygen (hypoxia) supply
to the kidneys which causes the release of the hormone erythropoietin (EPO). The RBC
will last around 12 weeks or 120 days; this has an advantage and a disadvantage.
It is a great long term marker but will take longer than most tests to see if
the intervention is correct.
Biophysical Assessment Definition Examples and Guidelines he heart rate test was more likely to be abnormal first, decreased breathing
activity next, decreased movement next and tone last. This exactly reflects
the model that I gave you at the beginning so that our clinical observation
of what goes wrong mirrors perfectly what was hypothesized in the model
to be the way in which things disappear.
Development and Function of Respiratory System In utero the placenta is a substitute for the nonfunctioning foetal lungs. Oxygenated blood comes to the foetus from the placenta via the umbilical vein. Although lungs are not being used for ventilation and oxygenation, the normal foetus makes respiratory movements in utero. These movements have been demonstrated by real time ultrasound and are one of the parameters of the biophysical profile. These “practice” respiratory movements normally do not draw amniotic fluid into the foetal lungs; they are merely small movements of the chest wall. The respiratory system develops from the endoderm (the same tissue that will give rise to the gastrointestinal system) during day 24 of embryonic life. Bronchi are formed by the sixteenth week of foetal development, and there are primitive lungs by 23 week. However, these can function only with great difficulty, since there are not enough alveoli for the necessary exchange of gases. Blood flow to the lungs is also inadequate at this time.
Common Ankle Problems The primary care physician will often be the first to evaluate common foot and ankle problems. The patient's complaints will range from acute traumatic injuries to chronic conditions, which have progressed in severity.
The recognition of local and systemic factors that contribute to the patient's condition in conjunction with a thorough history and physical examination will direct the initial plan of management, the use of further diagnostic testing and the necessity of an Orthopaedic referral.
Acne Vulgaris Treatment Acne vulgaris is a polymorphous skin disorder of the sebaceous follicles that begins around the time of puberty and peaks during the teenage years. Prevalence exceeds 85% in teenagers and then declines to about 8% in 25-to 34-year olds and to 3% in 35- to 44-year-olds. More adolescent boys than girls are afflicted.
Lichen Sclerosus Lichen sclerosus is an atrophic, shrinking disease that usually occurs in postmenopausal women. The main symptom, if any, is pruritus. It can appear in children but remits after the menarche. The skin thins to a dry, shiny, fragile, finely wrinkled, parchment-like appearance and the external genitalia contract and lose their shape and definition. White patches fuse into a symmetric, "keyhole" pattern, often encompassing the perianus. Telangiectasia and mid-line skin "splits" are common. Histologically the epidermis is thin with flattened rete pegs. The dermis is edematous and hyalinized, with a loss of elastic fibers. There is a chronic inflammatory infiltrate in the lower dermis.