Cymothoa exigua is a tiny crustacean that sneaks up on a fish (specifically, a red snapper) and works its way in through the gills. Typical parasite behavior so far.
Then it attaches itself to the base of the fish's tongue, the tongue evidently being the tastiest part of the fish (get it!?). The parasite uses its claws to dig into the tongue and drink the fish's blood--and that's just the beginning
Cymothoa Exigua in Human
It is currently believed that Cymothoa Exigua are not harmful to humans unless picked up alive, in which case they can bite.
A tongue-eating parasite inside the mouth of a red snapper purchased from a London fishmonger recently revolted its buyer and fascinated scientists.
Previously, scientists believed fish infected with the parasite, nicknamed the "tongue louse," existed solely in the Gulf of California. The find in England suggests the parasite's range may be expanding, according to a recent press release issued by a museum in England.
But does the Cymothoa mouth-squatter leave its fishy friend tongueless? Of course not. It does what any crafty parasite would do and replaces the old tongue with its own body.
The fish is actually able to use the parasite just like a normal tongue, only it has to share all the food with its new friend. Yes, the whole foster-tongue thing seems like a pretty nice gesture on the part of ol' Cymothoa until you remember there was nothing wrong with the fish's old tongue in the first place.
Cymothoa Exigua Life cycle
Not much is known about the life cycle of Cymothoa Exigua. It exhibits sexual reproduction. It is likely that juveniles first attach to the gills of a fish and become males. As they mature, they become females, with mating likely occurring on the gills. If there is no female present, within a pair of two males, one male can turn into a female after it grows to 10mm in length. The female then makes its way to the fish's mouth where it uses its front claws to attach to the fish’s tongue.
Local Treatment of Allergic Dermatitis Most Persons who suffer with allergic dermatitis have accumulated numberless lotions, salves, ointments, and other local preparations. These have either been prescribed for them or suggested to them by their family or friends. For the most part, the effects of these long-continued local applications is to further irritate and traumatize the skin, so that in the end more harm than good is done. First take away all these various drugs and prescribe only such bland preparations as are least likely to injure the skin. These must be cautiously and carefully applied, observing their changing effect. Indeed, at times it is necessary to use the preparation of one area of the skin only, such as one arm or one leg, and observe the difference between the dermatitis on that are and on the area of the body where no preparation has been used.
How to Keep Your Body Warm in Cold Weather Dilemma:
You love to go hiking in the snowy mountains during wintertime, but you
petite frame gets cold easily, and you're always shivering. You need a quick
remedy for the chills that doesn't require you to carry a backpack full of extra
The Japanese custom isn't just useful for showing respect. It also helps you
stay warm. Give the imaginary honorable person before you ten deep bows and you
will feel warm all over, physically and in spirit.
Why this works:
Though almost any kind of movement when you're cold will hellp warm your
body, the deep bowing gesture is particularly effective in stimulating your
arteries and nerves to increase blood circulation. There is a thick artery that
runs right through your solar plexus area, the part that contracts and relaxes
when you bow.
Symptoms of Schizophrenia Schizophrenia is a chronic disorder characterized by delusions, hallucinations, behavioral
disturbances, and impaired social function (without any mental status
changes). Prevalence is 1%, manifesting earlier (18–25) and more severely in
males and later (26–45) in females, with an equal male-to-female ratio (1:1).
Prevalence is higher in the presence of a + family history (10% if there is a
sibling or parent with schizophrenia).
Molar Pregnancy Molar pregnancies, invasive molar pregnancies, and malignant molar pregnancies are growths that result from abnormal pregnancies referred to as trophoblastic disease. Doctors often use the term mole to describe some of these problems; this has nothing whatever to do with a mole on the surface of the skin. The term trophoblastic disease is derived from the name of the trophoblast cell, the cell that makes up the placenta.
Furosemide Side Effects and Dosage Furosemide is a loop diuretic (water pill) that prevents your body from absorbing too much salt, allowing the salt to instead be passed in your urine. Furosemide treats fluid retention in people with congestive heart failure, liver disease, or a kidney disorder such as nephrotic syndrome. This medication is also used to treat high blood pressure. Here is some stuff about Furosemide Side Effects and Dosage.
Types of Blood Cancer Symptoms and Treatments Overview of Blood Cancer
The major forms of blood cancer are lymphoma, leukemia and multiple myeloma. These cancers are formed either in the bone marrow or the lymphatic tissues of the body. They affect the way your body makes blood and provides immunity from other diseases.
Causes of Migraine Headache and Symptoms Migraine affects 15% to 17% of women and 6% of men. Headaches can generally
be grouped into three major categories: migraine, tension-type, and organic.
Migraine headaches are usually unilateral, and the acute attack typically
lasts from 4 to 24 hours. Migraine headaches can occur with an aura or without
an aura. The aura may consist of focal neurologic symptoms starting 5 to 30
minutes before onset of an acute headache attack.
Filariasis Symptoms and Treatment The species of mosquitoes that transmit malaria and yellow fever, disease caused by protozoa and viruses, also transmit filariasis, caused by a parasitic worm—a nematode or roundworm. Filariasis affects 300 million people living in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. The worm invades the subcutaneous tissues and lymph system of the human body, blocking the flow lymph and producing symptoms of inflammation, edema, abscesses, and, in one form of the disease, blindness. Filariasis is not unknown to Americans; some 15,000 soldiers contracted disease during World War II fighting in the Pacific Theater, and cases have been reported along the Carolina coast area. But most of the victims of filariasis live in a region extending from Africa through Asia to the islands of New Guinea and Borneo.
The effect of Monosodium Glutamate The effect of monosodium glutamate on the apoptosis
of rat thymocytes and Bcl-2 protein expression
Voja Pavlović, Snežana Cekić
Arch Med Sci 2006; 2, 1: 28-31
Introduction: Monosodium glutamate (MSG) is the sodium salt of glutamic acid
widely spread in modern nutrition. Numerous recent studies have shown the
existance of glutamic receptors on different non-neuronal cells, which among
others also include lymphocytes and thymocytes. However, it has not yet been
precisely established what modulatory effect is created by the activation of these
receptors on the immune system cells.
Anxiety Treatment Guide Discontinue caffeinated beverages and avoid excess alcohol. Daily exercise and adequate sleep (with the use of medication if necessary) should be advised.
Angina Useful Remedies
The amino acid L-carnitine taken daily (1-3g) helps to improve the functioning of the heart and reduces symptoms associated with angina.
Co-enzyme Q10 – 150mg a day – has helped angina patients manage more exercise with less symptoms.
Natural-source vitamin E (400-500 IU a day) taken for at least one or two years thins blood naturally. If you are taking blood-thinning drugs, have your blood checked regularly by a doctor.
Fish oil supply EPA and DHA, which are essential fats that thin the blood naturally. Take 3mg daily to help reduce chest pain.
The herb remedy Hawthorne, 1-2ml tincture or 1-2g in tablets daily, helps protect blood vessels and improved heart function.
Take 2g of vitamin C daily with 1g of the amino acid lysine, which work together to help reverse atherosclerosis.
Magnesium helps regulate the heartbeat. Begin on 200mg daily, thereafter increasing to 400mg.
Include a good quality multivitamin and mineral in this regimen.
Begin using grapefruit pectin fibre over your breakfast cereal or in low-fat yoghurts. In numerous clinical trials, regular intake has been shown to lower LDL levels (the ‘bad’ cholesterol) and the gently remove some of the sticky plague from artery walls. Available from all good health
Fiber foods functions and consumption rule The role fiber plays in promoting nutrition and health has been a controversial subject in recent years. What exactly is fiber? How effective is it in reducing certain health risks? Are certain types of fibers more effective than others?
Fiber, often referred to as “bulk” or “roughage”, is the indigestible portion of plant foods that helps move foods through the digestive system and softens stools by absorbing water. Insoluble fiber, which is found in brain, wholegrain breads and cereals, and most fruits and vegetables, is associated with these gastrointestinal benefits and has also been found to reduce the risk for several forms of cancer. Soluble fiber appears to be a factor in lowering blood cholesterol levels, thereby reducing risk for cardiovascular disease. Major sources of soluble fiber in the diet include oat bran, dried beans (such as kidney, garbanzo, pinto, and navy beans), and some fruits and vegetables.
What is the Best Treatment for Acne Scars Acne scar treatments have had a long and complicated history. Traditionally, the most famous method for getting rid of the scars left behind by acne was a harsh process known as "dermabrasion."
Now if you've never heard of dermabrasion, let me put this into perspective for you. "Derm" comes from the Greek word "Dermis", which means skin. "Abrasion" is the process of wearing down or rubbing away by means of friction. Put the two together and what do you get? Dermabrasion.